Funding: The study was supported by a gift from the Gratama Foundation, the Netherlands, the EU project GLOFAL “Global View of Food Allergy: Opportunities to Study the Influence of Microbial Exposure” (FP6-2003-Food-2B; contract: FOOD-CT-2005-517812) and the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research for Global Development (WOTRO; grant no. WB 93-433).
Skin diseases among schoolchildren in Ghana, Gabon, and Rwanda
Article first published online: 4 APR 2013
© 2013 The International Society of Dermatology
International Journal of Dermatology
Volume 52, Issue 5, pages 589–600, May 2013
How to Cite
Hogewoning, A., Amoah, A., Bavinck, J. N. B., Boakye, D., Yazdanbakhsh, M., Adegnika, A., De Smedt, S., Fonteyne, Y., Willemze, R. and Lavrijsen, A. (2013), Skin diseases among schoolchildren in Ghana, Gabon, and Rwanda. International Journal of Dermatology, 52: 589–600. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-4632.2012.05822.x
Conflicts of interest: None.
- Issue published online: 17 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 4 APR 2013
Skin diseases, especially skin infections, among schoolchildren in Africa can be a major health problem. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalences of skin diseases among children in rural and urban schools in three different African countries and to study the influence of socioeconomic level.
Cross-sectional, population-based studies were performed in Ghana, Gabon, and Rwanda. Point prevalences of skin diseases were estimated on the basis of physical examination by at least one dermatologist.
A total of 4839 schoolchildren were seen. The overall prevalence of schoolchildren with any skin disease was high and amounted to 34.6% and 42.0% in two Ghanaian studies, 45.8% in Gabon, and 26.7% in Rwanda. In children with skin diseases, skin infections represented the greatest proportion of disease, accounting for 14.7% and 17.6% of skin disease in the Ghanaian studies, and 27.7% and 22.7% in Gabon and Rwanda, respectively. Diseases with the highest prevalence were tinea capitis and bacterial skin infections, especially in rural areas and in schools serving children living at lower socioeconomic levels.
The prevalences of skin diseases among African schoolchildren were high. Skin infections such as tinea capitis and pyoderma predominated.