• Broadbear JH, Negus SS, Butelman ER, De Costa BR, Woods JH (1994) Differential effects of systemically administered nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI) on kappa-opioid agonists in the mouse writhing assay. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 115:311319, PM:7871070.
  • Gonzales RA, Weiss F (1998) Suppression of ethanol-reinforced behavior by naltrexone is associated with attenuation of the ethanol-induced increase in dialysate dopamine levels in the nucleus accumbens. J Neurosci 18:1066310671, PM:9852601.
  • Heilig M, Koob GF (2007) A key role for corticotropin-releasing factor in alcohol dependence. Trends Neurosci 30:399406, PM:17629579.
  • Land BB, Bruchas MR, Lemos JC, Xu M, Melief EJ, Chavkin C (2008) The dysphoric component of stress is encoded by activation of the dynorphin kappa-opioid system. J Neurosci 28:407414, PM:18184783.
  • Lindholm S, Ploj K, Franck J, Nylander I (2000) Repeated ethanol administration induces short- and long-term changes in enkephalin and dynorphin tissue concentrations in rat brain. Alcohol 22:165171, PM:11163124.
  • Picker MJ, Mathewson C, Allen RM (1996) Opioids and rate of positively reinforced behavior: III. Antagonism by the long-lasting kappa antagonist norbinaltorphimine. Behav Pharmacol 7:495504, PM:11224446.
  • Roy A, DeJong J, Lamparski D, George T, Linnoila M (1991) Depression among alcoholics. Relationship to clinical and cerebrospinal fluid variables. Arch Gen Psychiatry 48:428432, PM:2021295.
  • Shippenberg TS, Zapata A, Chefer VI (2007) Dynorphin and the pathophysiology of drug addiction. Pharmacol Ther 116:306321, PM:17868902.
  • Todtenkopf MS, Marcus JF, Portoghese PS, Carlezon WA Jr (2004) Effects of kappa-opioid receptor ligands on intracranial self-stimulation in rats. Psychopharmacology 172:463470.
  • Walker BM, Koob GF (2008) Pharmacological evidence for a motivational role of kappa-opioid systems in ethanol dependence. Neuropsychopharmacology 33:643652, PM:17473837.