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Corpus callosum size and shape alterations in adolescent inhalant users

Authors


Murat Yücel, Melbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre, c/o National Neuroscience Facility, 161 Barry St., Carlton South, Vic. 3053, Australia. E-mail: murat@unimelb.edu.au

ABSTRACT

Inhalants, frequently abused during adolescence, are neurotoxic to white matter. We investigated the impact of inhalant misuse on the morphology of the corpus callosum (CC), the largest white matter bundle in the brain, in an adolescent sample of inhalant users [n = 14; mean age = 17.3; standard deviation (SD) = 1.7], cannabis users (n = 11; mean age = 19.7; SD = 1.7) and community controls (n = 9; mean age = 19.5; SD = 2.6). We identified significant morphological differences in the CC among inhalant users compared with community controls. There were no morphological differences between inhalant and cannabis users. Our findings may represent the early stages of neurobiological damage associated with chronic inhalant misuse.

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