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Do treatment preferences for patients with angina change? An 18-month follow-up study
Article first published online: 4 JUL 2011
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Volume 15, Issue 4, pages 351–359, December 2012
How to Cite
Bowling, A., Reeves, B. C. and Rowe, G. (2012), Do treatment preferences for patients with angina change? An 18-month follow-up study. Health Expectations, 15: 351–359. doi: 10.1111/j.1369-7625.2011.00680.x
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- Issue published online: 8 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 4 JUL 2011
- Accepted for publication 10 March 2011
- patient preferences
Objectives To assess whether preferences for patients with angina changed at 18-month follow-up using the Patient Preferences Questionnaire for Angina treatment (PPQA).
Background Evidence suggests that patients want information about treatment options. Reliable measurement of patient preferences for treatment is important for empowering patients.
Design Postal self-administered questionnaire survey at baseline and follow-up. The preference questionnaire comprised 18 items about the main treatments for angina: medication, angioplasty and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).
Setting and participants Patients with diagnosed angina from seven participating general practices across England. The sample comprised 222 patients with angina who responded to both baseline and follow-up treatment preference questionnaires.
Results Most patients’ condition and preferences scores for treatment remained stable over 18 months. An exception was angioplasty preference scores, which indicated more negative attitudes towards this procedure over time. People aged over 75 years least preferred angioplasty. There were no associations between any changes in condition and changes in preferences. However, within-subject agreement could vary by ±5 to 7 points between baseline and follow-up, with stability apparently worst for the medication and best for surgery sub-scales, raising the question of what represents reasonable stability.
Conclusion These results suggest preferences are relatively stable, even where there are changes in health, and provide further evidence of the utility (in particular, reliability) of the PPQA. However, this stability in scores did mask some movement in scale scores and in patients’ first-ranked treatment choices, showing changing preferences largely from angioplasty to CABG and vice versa, indicating the complexity of preferences.