• thyroid function;
  • growth rates;
  • puberty;
  • fertility

Abstract:  Evaluations of endocrine function following hematopoietic cell transplantation demonstrate that the endocrine function abnormalities observed are related to the type of transplant preparative regimen received. Children given high dose cyclophosphamide (CY) only have normal thyroid function, normal growth and development. Children who received a busulfan (BU) plus CY preparative regimen usually have normal thyroid function, normal prepubertal growth, delayed or absent pubertal development, and blunted post-pubertal growth. Recipients of preparative regimens containing total body irradiation may be anticipated to have some thyroid dysfunction, impaired growth rates and delayed or absent pubertal development. Post-pubertal teens and young adults are likely to have gonadal function recover if they received a preparative regimen with CY only but are likely to have primary gonadal failure if they received a preparative regimen with BU or total body irradiation. Individuals whose gonadal function becomes normal have become parents of normal children. All patients who receive a marrow transplant should be followed long-term for development of endocrine function abnormalities.