• 1
    Abramson SB, Weissman G. The mechanism of action of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Arthritis Rheum 1989: 32: 19.
  • 2
    Albelda SM. Endothelial and epithelial cell adhesion molecules. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 1991: 4: 195203.
  • 3
    Anderson DC, Springer TA. Leukocyte adhesion deficiency: an inherited defect in the Mac-1, LFA-1, and p150, 95 glycoproteins. Ann Rev Med 1987: 38: 17589.
  • 4
    Bagnasco M, Buscaglia S, Pronzato C, et al. Adhesion molecules: functional and clinical features. Semin Clin Immunol 1992: 4: 1933.
  • 5
    Bardin PG, Johnston SL, Pattemore PK. Viruses as precipitants of asthma symptoms. II. Physiology and mechanism. Clin Exp Allergy 1992: 22: 80922.
  • 6
    Barnes PJ. Future drug therapy for asthma. Clin Exp Allergy 1991: 21 (Suppl. 1): 805.
  • 7
    Birkenbach M, Tong X, Bradbury LE, Tedder TF, Kieff E. Characterisation of an Epstein-Barr virus receptor on human epithelial cells. J Exp Med 1992: 176: 140514.
  • 8
    Bochner BS, Rutledge BK, Schleimer RP. Interleukin-1 production by human lung tissue. II. Inhibition by antiinflammatory steroids. J Immunol 1987: 139: 23037.
  • 9
    Bonini SE, Bonini ST, Bucci MG, et al. Allergen dose response and late symptoms in human model of ocular allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1990: 86: 86976.
  • 10
    Bousquet J, Chanez P, Lacoste JY, et al. Eosinophilic inflammation in asthma. N Engl J Med 1990: 323: 10339.
  • 11
    Busse WW, Lemanske RF Jr, Dick EC. The relationship of viral respiratory infections and asthma. Chest 1992: 101(S): 3858.
  • 12
    Calderon E, Lockey RF. A possible role for adhesion molecules in asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1992: 90: 85265.
  • 13
    Campbell AM, Vignola AM, Chanez P, Michel FB, Bousquet J, Godard PH. Bronchial epithelial cell activation in asthmatic subjects: expression of surface markers and mediator release. In: GodardP, BousquetJ, MichelFB, eds. Advances in allergology and clinical immunology. Paris : Parthenon, 1992: 21524.
  • 14
    Canonica GW, Parodi MN, Boero F, Jing G, Pesce GP, Bagnasco M. Effects of cetirizine and deflazacort on cell adhesion molecules expression on lymphocytes and epithelial cells. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 1991: 40: 38 [abstract].
  • 15
    Ciprandi G, Buscaglia S, Pesce GP, Villaggio B, Bagnasco M, Canonica GW. Allergic subjects express intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1 or CD54) on epithelial cells of conjunctiva after allergen challenge. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1993: 91: 78392.
  • 16
    Ciprandi G, Buscaglia S, Pesce GP, Iudice A, Bagnasco M, Canonica GW. Deflazacort protects against late-phase but not early-phase reactions induced by the allergen-specific conjunctival provocation test. Allergy 1993: 48: 42130.
  • 17
    Ciprandi G, Buscaglia S, Pesce GP, Bagnasco M, Canonica GW. Ocular challenge and hyperresponsiveness to histamine in patients with allergic conjunctivitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1993: 91: 122730.
  • 18
    Cronstein BN, Eberle MA, Gruber HE, Levin RI. Methotrexate inhibits neutrophil function by stimulating adenosine release from connective tissue cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1991: 88: 365400.
  • 19
    Cronstein BN, Kimmel SC, Levin RI, Martiniuk F, Weissman G. A mechanism for the antiinflammatory effects of corticosteroids: the glucocorticoid receptor regulates leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cells and expression of EIAM-1 and ICAM-1. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1992: 89: 4556.
  • 20
    Cronstein BN, Weissmann G. The adhesion molecules of inflammation. Arthritis Rheum 1993: 36: 14761.
  • 21
    Dalgleish AG, Beverly PCL, Chapman PR, Crawford DH, Greaves MF, Weiss RA. The CD4 (T4) antigen is an essential component of the receptor for the AIDS retrovirus. Nature 1984: 312: 7637.
  • 22
    De Fougerolles AR, Springer TA. Intercellular adhesion molecule 3, a third adhesion counter-receptor for lymphocyte function-associated molecule-1 on resting lymphocytes. J Exp Med 1992: 175: 18590.
  • 23
    Djukanovic R, Roche WR, Wilson JW, et al. Mucosal inflammation in asthma. Am Rev Respir Dis 1990: 142: 43457.
  • 24
    Dustin ML, Springer TA. Role of lymphocyte adhesion receptors in transient interactions and cell locomotion. Ann Rev Immunol 1991: 9: 2732.
  • 25
    Dustin ML, Rothlein R, Bhan AK, Dinarello CA, Springer TA. Induction by IL-1 and interferon-gamma: tissue distribution, biochemistry and function of a natural adherence molecule (ICAM-1). J Immunol 1986: 137: 24554.
  • 26
    Dustin ML, Springer TA. T cell receptor cross-linking transiently stimulates adhesiveness through LFA-1. Nature 1989: 341: 61930.
  • 27
    Editorial – Adhesion molecules in diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory diseases. Lancet 1990: 336: 13512.
  • 28
    Etzioni A, Frydman M, Pollack S, et al. Recurrent severe infections caused by a novel leukocyte adhesion deficiency. New Engl J Med 1992: 327: 178992.
  • 29
    Foxall C, Watson SR, Dowbenko D, et al. The three members of the selectin receptor family recognize a common carbohydrate epitope, the sialyl Lewis(x) oligosaccharide. J Cell Biol 1992: 117: 895902.
  • 30
    Gallatin M, St John TP, Siegelman M, Reichert R, Butcher EC, Weissman IL. Lymphocyte homing receptors. Cell 1986: 44: 67380.
  • 31
    Greve JM, Davis G, Mejer AM, et al. The major human rhinovirus receptor is ICAM-1. Cell 1989: 56: 83947.
  • 32
    Gundel RH, Wegner CD, Torcellini CA, Letts LG. The role of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in chronic airway inflammation. Clin Exp Allergy 1992: 22: 56978.
  • 33
    Jalkanen S, Reichert RA, Gallatin WM, Bargatze RF, Weissman IL, Butcher EC. Homing receptors and the control of lymphocyte migration. Immunol Rev 1986: 91: 3960.
  • 34
    Jeffery PK, Wardlaw AJ, Nelson FC, Collins JV, Kay AB. Bronchial biopsies in asthma. Am Rev Respir Dis 1989: 140: 174553.
  • 35
    Johnston SL, Bardin PG, Pattemore PK. Viruses as precipitants of asthma symptoms. III. Rhinoviruses: molecular biology and prospects for future intervention. Clin Exp Allergy 1993: 23: 23746.
  • 36
    Kavanaugh AF, Nichols LA, Lipsky PE. Treatment of refractory rheumatoid arthritis with an anti-CD54 (intercellular adhesion molecule-1, ICAM-1) monoclonal antibody. Arthritis Rheum 1992: 35(S): 403.
  • 37
    Kvale D, Krajci P, Brandtzaeg P. Expression and regulation of adhesion molecules ICAM-1 (CD54)and LFA-3 (CD58) in human intestinal epithelial cell lines. Scand J Immunol 1992: 35: 66976.
  • 38
    Kyan-Aung U, Hallsworth M, Haskard D, De Vos C, Lee TH. The effects of cetirizine on the adhesion of human eosinophils and neutrophils to cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1992: 90: 2703.
  • 39
    Ley K, Gaehtgens P, Fennie C, Singer MS, Lasky LA, Rosen SD. Lectin-like cell adhesion molecule-1 mediates leukocyte rolling in mesenteric venules in vivo. Blood 1991: 77: 25535.
  • 40
    Loob RR. Integrins-immunoglobulin superfamily interactions in endothelial-leukocyte adhesion. In: MarlanJM, LiuDY, eds. Adhesion: its role in inflammatory disease. New York : WH Freeman, 1992.
  • 41
    Mackay CR, Imhof BA. Cell adhesion in the immune system. Immunol Today 1993: 14: 99102.
  • 42
    Masinovsky B, Urdal D, Gallatin M. IL-4 acts synergistically with IL-1β to promote lymphocyte adhesion to microvascular endothelium by induction of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1. J Immunol 1990: 145: 288695.
  • 43
    Minor TE, Baker JW, Dick EC, et al. Greater frequency of viral respiratory infections in asthmatic children as compared with their non-asthmatic siblings. J Pediatr 1974: 85: 4727.
  • 44
    Montefort S, Roche WR, Howard PH, et al. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) expression in the bronchial mucosa of normal and asthmatic subjects. Eur Respir J 1992: 5: 81523.
  • 45
    Naclerio RM, Proud D, Togias AG, et al. Inflammatory mediators in late antigen-induced rhinitis. N Engl J Med 1985: 313: 6570.
  • 46
    Pantaleo G, Butini, Graziosi, et al. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in CD4 + T lymphocytes genetically deficient in LFA-1: LFA-1 is required for HIV-mediated cell fusion but not for viral transmission. J Exp Med 1991: 173: 51114.
  • 47
    Pattemore PK, Johnston SL, Bardin PG. Viruses as precipitants of asthma symptoms. I. Epidemiology. Clin Exp Allergy 1992: 22: 32536.
  • 48
    Paulson JC. Selectin/carbohydrate-mediated adhesion of leukocytes. In: HarlanJM, LiuDY, eds. Adhesion: its role in inflammatory disease. New York : WH Freeman, 1992.
  • 49
    Petzelbauer P, Stingl G, Wolff K, Volc-Platzer B. Cyclosporin A suppresses ICAM-1 expression by papillary endothelium in healing psoriatic plaques. J Invest Dermatol 1991: 96: 3629.
  • 50
    Phillips ML, Nudelman E, Gaeta FC, et al. ELAM-1 mediates cell adhesion by recognition of a carbohydrate ligand, sialyl-lex. Science 1990: 250: 11302.
  • 51
    Pitzalis C. Adhesion and migration of inflammatory cells. Clin Exp Rheumatol 1993: 11(S): 716.
  • 52
    Proud D, Sweet J, Stein P, et al. Inflammatory mediator release on conjunctival provocation of allergic subjects with allergen. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1990: 85: 896905.
  • 53
    Schleimer RP, Sterbinsky SA, Kaiser J. IL-4 induces adherence of human eosinophils and basophils but not neutrophils to endothelium. Association with expression of VCAM-l. J Immunol 1992: 148: 108692.
  • 54
    Springer T. Adhesion receptors of the immune system. Nature 1990: 346: 42533.
  • 55
    Staunton DE, Merluzzi VJ, Rothlein R, Barton R, Marlin SD, Springer TA. A cell adhesion molecule, ICAM-1, is the major surface receptor for rhinovirus. Cell 1989: 56: 84953.
  • 56
    Tanaka Y, Adams DH, Hubscher S, Hirano H, Siebenlist U, Shaw S. T-cell adhesion induced by proteoglycan-immobilized cytokine MIP-β. Nature 1993: 361: 7982.
  • 57
    Thornhill MH, Kyan-Aung U, Haskard DO. IL-4 increases human endothelial adhesiveness for T cells but not for neutrophils. J Immunol 1990: 144: 30606.
  • 58
    Tiemeyer M, Swiedler SJ, Ishihara M, et al. Carbohydrate ligands for endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1991: 88: 113842.
  • 59
    Wegner CD, Gundel RH, Reilly P, Haynes N, Letts LG, Rothlein R. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the pathogenesis of asthma. Science 1990: 247: 4569.