Pascual CY, Crespo JF, San Martin S, Ornia N, Ortega N, Caballero T, Munoz-Pereira M, Martin-Estaban M. Cross-reactivity between IgE-binding proteins from Anisakis German cockroach, and chironomids.
Anisakis simplex larvae parasitize animals used as seafood and can produce a specific immune response in man. The ingestion of seafood contaminated with stage three of A. simplex larvae can induce a specific IgE response with clinical symptoms, usually urticaria, even if the fish is cooked before ingestion and the invasive infestation power destroyed by heating. Our preliminary studies showed a strong association of A. simplex sensitization with Ascaris lumbricoides, Daphnia chironomid spp., Atlantic shrimp ‘Pandalus borealis’ and German cockroach ‘Blattella germanica’. We conducted the cross-reactivity study with cockroach, a ubiquitous insect, and Chironomidae ‘red mosquito larvae’, a work-related allergen, without any possibility of Anisakis contamination. Serum samples were collected from 60 pediatric patients, with serum specific IgE to A. simplex. Both specific-IgE and immunoblot-inhibition studies, with a serum pool from 18 patients, were performed to determine whether the association of sensitizations to nematodes and arthropods was due to immunologic cross-reactivity. In addition, serum samples from 21 of 60 patients who showed also sensitization to German cockroach were used for individual immunoblot studies. In the serum pool, dose-dependent inhibition of B. germanica and Chironomus spp. was observed after preincubation with the A. simplex extract. Immunoblot of Anisakis inhibited with Chironomus and German cockroach, yielded a partial blot inhibition but mainly on bands below 41 kDa. Blot inhibition of German cockroach and Chironomus with Anisakis was dose related. The band patterns in individual blots were heterogeneous, but most of them had bands of 30–43 kDa. None of these sera recognized allergens in the 14–kDa area. In our study, CAP-inhibition and immunoblot-inhibition analysis of Anisakis showed that several IgE-binding components could be shared by the three allergens.