Role of nonallergic hypersensitivity reactions in children with chronic urticaria
Article first published online: 29 APR 2007
Volume 53, Issue 11, pages 1074–1077, November 1998
How to Cite
Ehlers, I., Niggemann, B., Binder, C. and Zuberbier, T. (1998), Role of nonallergic hypersensitivity reactions in children with chronic urticaria. Allergy, 53: 1074–1077. doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.1998.tb03817.x
- Issue published online: 29 APR 2007
- Article first published online: 29 APR 2007
- Accepted for publication 7 April 1998
- chronic urticaria;
- food intolerance;
- nonallergic hypersensitivity;
Background IgE-independent (pseudoallergic) reactions to food and food ingredients are common in a subgroup of adult patients with chronic urticaria, who have daily spontaneous occurrence of wheals. However, for children with chronic urticaria (duration longer than 6 weeks, no physical influence), no data on the importance of pseudoallergen-induced chronic urticaria are available. Therefore, we investigated the role of nonallergic hypersensitivity to food in all children seen with chronic continuous urticaria i n our two clinics over the last 2 years (n = 16).
Methods All patients were given a low-pseudoallergen diet for 3 weeks followed by provocation with food rich in pseudoallergens. To identify the main eliciting agents, a subgroup of responders was exposed to food additives by double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges.
Results Pseudoallergen-induced urticaria was diagnosed in 12 cases (75%). Reactions occurred mainly to coloring agents and preservatives, but also to monosodium glutamate and a sweetener (saccharin/cyclamate).
Conclusions TTiese results confirm that nonallergic hypersensitivity reactions play a role in children with chronic urticaria, although the latter disease is rare at that age. In children, food additives, especially coloring agents and preservatives, appear to play a more important role in eliciting nonallergic hypersensitivity reactions than in adult patients, where naturally occurring pseudoallergens in fruits and vegetables are mainly responsible.