• 1
    Van Cauwenberge P, Bachert C, Passalacqua G, Bousquet J, Canonica GW, Durham SR et al. Consensus statement on the treatment of allergic rhinitis. European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology. Allergy 2000;55: 116134.
  • 2
    Eisenberg DM, Davis RB, Ettner SL, Appel S, Wilkey S, Van Rompay M et al. Trends in alternative medicine use in the United States, 1990–1997: results of a follow-up national survey. JAMA 1998;280: 15691575.
  • 3
    Krouse JH, Krouse HJ. Patients of traditional and complementary therapies in treating rhinosinusitis before consulting an otolaryngologist. Laryngoscope 1999;109: 12231227.
  • 4
    Schäfer T, Riehle A, Wichmann H-E, Ring J. Alternative medicine in allergies – prevalence, patterns of use, and costs. Allergy 2002;57: 694700.
  • 5
    Johnston GA, Bilbao RM, Graham-Brown RA. The use of complementary medicine in children with atopic dermatitis in secondary care in Leicester. Br J Dermatol 2003;149: 566571.
  • 6
    Senna G, Passalacqua G, Bonadonna P, Agostinis F, Lombardi C, Cocco G et al. Is alternative medicine acceptable in allergology? Allergy 2002;55: 1200.
  • 7
    Bielory L. Complementary and alternative medicine’ population based studies: a growing focus on allergy and asthma. Allergy 2002;57: 655658.
  • 8
    Hao L. A historical review of Bi-Yuan. Chinese Journal of Medical History, 1989: 148152.
  • 9
    Deadman P. The treatment of allergic rhinitis by acupuncture. J Chin Med 1991;36: 2527.
  • 10
    Lai X. Observation on the curative effect of acupuncture on type I allergic diseases. J Tradit Chin Med 1993;13: 243248.
  • 11
    Wolkenstein E, Horak F. Protective effect of acupuncture on allergen provoked rhinitis. Wien Med Wschr 1998;148: 450453.
  • 12
    Xue CC, English R, Zhang JJ, Da Costa C, Li CG. Effect of acupuncture in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Am J Chin Med 2002;30: 111.
  • 13
    Latchman Y, Banerjee P, Poulter LW, Rustin M, Brostoff J. Association of immunological changes with clinical efficacy in atopic eczema patients treated with traditional Chinese herbal therapy (Zemaphyte®). Int Arch Allergy Immunol 1996;109: 242249.
  • 14
    Sheehan MP, Rustin MH, Atherton DJ, Buckley C, Harris DW, Brostoff J et al. Efficacy of traditional Chinese herbal therapy in adult atopic disorder. Lancet 1992;340: 1317.
  • 15
    Sheehan MP, Atherton DJ. One-year follow up of children treated with Chinese medicinal herbs for atopic eczema. Br J Dermatol 1994;130: 488493.
  • 16
    Maciocia G. The practice of Chinese medicine. The treatment of diseases with acupuncture and Chinese herbs. London: Churchill Livingstone, 1994.
  • 17
    Niggemann B, Gruber C. Side-effects of complementary and alternative medicine. Allergy 2003;58: 707716.
  • 18
    Lord GM, Tagore T, Cook T, Gower P, Pusey CD. Nephropathy caused by Chinese herbs in the UK. Lancet 1999;354: 481482.
  • 19
    Melchart D, Linde K, Weidenhammer W, Hager S, Shaw D, Bauer R. Liver enzyme elevations in patients treated with traditional Chinese medicine. JAMA 1999;282: 2829.
  • 20
    Nortier JL, Muniz Martinez MC, Schmeiser HH et al. Urothel carcinoma associated with the use of Chinese herb (Aristolochia fangchi). N Engl J Med 2000;42: 16861692.
  • 21
    Wasserfallen JB, Gold K, Schulman KA, Baraniuk JN. Development and validation of a rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma symptom score for use as an outcome measure in clinical trials. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1997;100: 1622.
  • 22
    Juniper EF, Guyatt GH. Development and testing of a new measure of health status for clinical trials in rhinoconjunctivitis. Clin Exp Allergy 1991;21: 7783.
  • 23
    Juniper EF, Guyatt GH, Griffith LE, Ferrie PJ. Interpretation of rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire data. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1996;98: 843845.
  • 24
    Ware JE Jr, Sherbourne CD. The MOS 36-item-form health survey (SF-36). A conceptual framework and item selection. Med Care 1992;30: 473483.
  • 25
    Bousquet J, Bullinger M, Fayol C, Marquis P, Valentin B, Burtin B. Assessment of quality of life in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis with the French version of the SF-36 Health Status Questionnaire. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1994;94: 182188.
  • 26
    Vincent C. Credibility assessment in trials of acupuncture. Compl Med Res 1990;4: 811.
  • 27
    Schouten HJA. Adaptive biased urn randomisation in small strata when blinding is impossible. Biometrics 1995;51: 15291535.
  • 28
    Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. New York: Academic Press, 1988.
  • 29
    Stux G, Hammerschlag R. (eds) Clinical acupuncture. Scientific basis. Berlin: Springer, New York: Heidelberg, 2001.
  • 30
    Henneicke-von Zepelin HH, Hentschel C, Schnitker J et al. Efficacy and safety of the phytomedicine Esberitox® N in treatment of acute viral respiratory tract infection. Results of a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled, multicentre study. Curr Med Res Opin 1999; 15: 214227.
  • 31
    Joos S, Brinkhaus B.. Maluche C, Maupai N, Kohnen R, Kraehmer N et al. Acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of active Crohn's disease: a randomized controlled study. Digestion 2004;69: 131139.
  • 32
    Bensoussan A, Talley NJ, Hing M, Menzies R, Guo A, Ngu M. Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome with Chinese herbal medicine – a randomized controlled clinical trial. JAMA 1998;280: 15851589.
  • 33
    Bensky D, Gamble A. Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica (Revised edition). Seattle: Eastland Press, 1993.
  • 34
    Streitberger K, Kleinhenz J. Introducing a placebo needle in acupuncture research. Lancet 1998;352: 364365.
  • 35
    Batey RG, Bensoussan A, Fan YY, Bollipo S, Hossain MA. Preliminary report of randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial of Chinese herbal medicine preparation CH-100 in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1998;13: 244247.
  • 36
    Joos S, Schott C, Zou H, Daniel V, Martin E. Immunomodulatory effects of acupuncture in the treatment of allergic asthma: a randomized controlled study. J Alternative Compl Med 2000;6: 519525.
  • 37
    Dawidson I, Angmar-Mansson B, Blom M, Theodorsson E, Lundberg T. The influence of sensory stimulation (acupuncture) on the release of neuropeptides in the saliva of healthy subjects. Life-Science 1998;63: 659674.
  • 38
    Lundberg T, Eriksson SV, Theodorsson E. Neuroimmunomodulatory effects of acupuncture in mice. Neurosci Lett 1991;128: 161164.
  • 39
    Yan X, Zhou J, Xie G, Milne GWA. (eds) Traditional Chinese medicines. Molecular structures, natural sources, and applications. Hampshire, UK: Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, 1999.
  • 40
    Tang W, Eisenbrand G. Chinese drugs of plant origin. Berlin: Springer, 1992.
  • 41
    Borchers AT, Hackman RM, Keen CL, Stern JS, Gershwin ME. Complementary medicine: a review of immunomodulatory effects of Chinese herbal medicines. Am J Clin Nutr 1997;66: 13031312.
  • 42
    Higuchi K, Arakawa T, Ando K, Fujiwara Y, Uchida T, Kuroki T. Eradication of Helicobacter pylori with a Chinese herbal medicine without emergence of resistant colonies. AJG 1999;94: 14191420.
    Direct Link: