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Immunoglobulin E- (IgE) and non-IgE-mediated reactions in the pathogenesis of atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS)

Authors


Dr E. J. Bardana
Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Department of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
3181 SW. Sam Jackson Park Road (OP34)
Portland
OR 97239
USA

Abstract

AEDS is a chronic, relapsing, highly pruritic inflammatory skin disease that commonly begins in childhood. Two forms of this disorder exist, i.e. an allergic (extrinsic) form and a nonallergic (intrinsic) form. There are clear genetic, humoral and cellular differences between the allergic and nonallergic forms of AEDS. The allergic variants express local IgE production in affected tissue and both allergic and nonallergic triggers play a major role in the expression of disease. The role of allergens is very important in the immunopathogenesis of AEDS. Nonimmunological triggers play a secondary modulatory role often hampering treatment effort and optimal response to therapeutic efforts.

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