Background: We have previously demonstrated that aspirin triggers specific generation of 15-hydroxyeicosateraenoic acid (15-HETE) from nasal polyp epithelial cells and peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) from aspirin-sensitive (AS) but not aspirin-tolerant (AT) patients with asthma/rhinosinusitis. The goal of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of ASA-induced 15-HETE generation measurement to identify AS patients.
Methods: PBL were obtained from 43 AS patients with asthma and rhinosinusitis, 35 AT asthmatics and 17 healthy control (HC) subjects. PBL were incubated with 2–200 μM aspirin (ASA) and 15-HETE release was measured in cell supernatants with competitive ELISA.
Results: Unstimulated PBL from all three groups of patients generated similar amount of 15-HETE. Incubation with 200 μM ASA resulted in an increase in an 15-HETE generation (mean increase +421%) in AS-asthmatics but small and nonsignificant response in AT-asthmatics or control subjects. Receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis revealed that the sensitivity of the test for confirmation of ASA-sensitivity was 83% and the specificity 82%. Positive predictive value was 0.79 and negative predictive value was 0.86. Naproxen induced a significant increase in 15-HETE only in some AS-asthmatics, but not in AT-asthmatics.
Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that ASA-induced 15-HETE generation by PBL is a specific and sensitive aspirin-sensitive patients identification test (ASPITest).