• 1
    Sampson HA, Mendelson L, Rosen JP. Fatal and near-fatal anaphylactic reactions to food in children and adolescents. N Engl J Med 1992;327: 380384.
  • 2
    Watson WT. Food allergy in children. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 1995;13: 347359.
  • 3
    Zeiger RS. Food allergen avoidance in the prevention of food allergy in infants and children. Pediatrics 2003;111: 16621671.
  • 4
    Sicherer SH. Food allergy. Lancet 2002;360: 701710.
  • 5
    Rance F, Fardeau MF. Les allergies alimentaires: Qui tester? Que tester? Comment tester? Rev Fr Allergol Immunol Clin 2002;42: 810813.
  • 6
    Bindslev-Jensen C, Skov PS, Madsen F, Poulsen LK. Food allergy and food intolerance: what is the difference? Ann Allergy 1994;72: 317320.
  • 7
    Woods RK, Stoney RM, Raven J, Walters EH, Abramson M, Thien FC. Reported adverse food reactions overestimate true food allergy in the community. Eur J Clin Nutr 2002;56: 3136.
  • 8
    Touraine F, Ouzeau JF, Boullaud C, Dalmay F, Bonnaud F. Enquête descriptive en milieu scolaire sur la prévalence de l'allergie alimentaire. Rev Fr Allergol Immunol Clin 2002;42: 763768.
  • 9
    Annesi-Maesano I, Moreau D, Ledoux S, Choquet M. Food allergy related to asthma in a representative sample of adolescents in France. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1997;155: A894.
  • 10
    Schafer T, Bohler E, Ruhdorfer S, Weigl L, Wessner D, Heinrich J et al. Epidemiology of food allergy/food intolerance in adults: associations with other manifestations of atopy. Allergy 2001;56: 11721179.
  • 11
    Bock SA. Prospective appraisal of complaints of adverse reactions to foods in children during the first 3 years of life. Pediatrics 1987;79: 683688.
  • 12
    Bjornsson E, Janson C, Plaschke P, Norrman E, Sjoberg O. Prevalence of sensitization to food allergens in adult Swedes. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1996;77: 327332.
  • 13
    Young E, Stoneham MD, Petruckevitch A, Barton J, Rona R. A population study of food intolerance. Lancet 1994;343: 11271130.
  • 14
    Jansen JJ, Kardinaal AF, Huijbers G, Vlieg-Boerstra BJ, Martens BP, Ockhuizen T. Prevalence of food allergy and intolerance in the adult Dutch population. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1994;93: 446456.
  • 15
    Kanny G, Monneret-Vautrin DA, Flabbee J, Beaudouin E, Morisset M, Thevenin F. Population study of food allergy in France. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2001;108: 133140.
  • 16
    Zuberbier T, Edenharter G, Worm M, Ehlers I, Reimann S, Hantke T et al. Prevalence of adverse reactions to food in Germany – a population study. Allergy 2004;59: 338345.
  • 17
    Woods RK, Thien F, Raven J, Walters EH, Abramson M. Prevalence of food allergies in young adults and their relationship to asthma, nasal allergies, and eczema. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2002;88: 183189.
  • 18
    Nickel R, Kulig M, Forster J, Bergmann R, Bauer CP, Lau S et al. Sensitization to hen's egg at the age of twelve months is predictive for allergic sensitization to common indoor and outdoor allergens at the age of three years. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1997;99: 613617.
  • 19
    Kulig M, Bergmann R, Tacke U, Wahn U, Guggenmoos-Holzmann I. Long-lasting sensitization to food during the first two years precedes allergic airway disease. The MAS Study Group, Germany. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 1998;9: 6167.
  • 20
    Tariq SM, Matthews SM, Hakim EA, Arshad SH. Egg allergy in infancy predicts respiratory allergic disease by 4 years of age. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2000;11: 162167.
  • 21
    Asher MI, Keil U, Anderson HR, Beasley R, Crane J, Martinez F et al. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC): rationale and methods. Eur Respir J 1995;8: 483491.
  • 22
    Weiland SK, Bjorksten B, Brunekreef B, Cookson WO, von Mutius E, Strachan DP. Phase II of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC II): rationale and methods. Eur Respir J 2004;24: 406412.
  • 23
    Priftanji A, Strachan D, Burr M, Sinamati J, Shkurti A, Grabocka E et al. Asthma and allergy in Albania and the UK. Lancet 2001;358: 14261427.
  • 24
    Liang KY, Zeger SL. Longitudinal data analysis using generalized linear models. Biometrika 1986;73: 1322.
  • 25
    Bruijnzeel-Koomen C, Ortolani C, Aas K, Bindslev-Jensen C, Bjorksten B, Moneret-Vautrin D et al. Adverse reactions to food. European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology Subcommittee. Allergy 1995;50: 623635.
  • 26
    Data bank of the Cercle d'Investigations Cliniques et Biologiques en Allergologie Alimentaire. Accessed on 27 April 2004, at
  • 27
    Molkhou P. The problems of the child with food allergies. Allerg Immunol 2003;35: 78.
  • 28
    Braun-Fahrlander C, Wuthrich B, Gassner M, Grize L, Sennhauser FH, Varonier HS et al. Validation of a rhinitis symptom questionnaire (ISAAC core questions) in a population of Swiss school children visiting the school health services. SCARPOL-team. Swiss Study on Childhood Allergy and Respiratory Symptom with respect to Air Pollution and Climate. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 1987;8: 7582.
  • 29
    Debrock C, Menetrey C, Bonavent M, Antonini MT, Preux PM, Bonnaud F et al. Prevalence of exercise-induced asthma in school children. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 2002;50: 519529.
  • 30
    Grundy J, Matthews S, Bateman B, Dean T, Arshad SH. Rising prevalence of allergy to peanut in children: data from 2 sequential cohorts. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2002;110: 784789.
  • 31
    Mattila L, Kilpelainen M, Terho EO, Koskenvuo M, Helenius H, Kalimo K. Food hypersensitivity among Finnish university students: association with atopic diseases. Clin Exp Allergy 2003;33: 600606.
  • 32
    Dold S, Wjst M, von Mutius E, Reitmeir P, Stiepel E. Genetic risk for asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis. Arch Dis Child 1992;67: 10181022.
  • 33
    Hourihane JO, Dean TP, Warner JO. Peanut allergy in relation to heredity, maternal diet, and other atopic diseases: results of a questionnaire survey, skin prick testing, and food challenges. BMJ 1996;313: 518521.
  • 34
    Pearce N, Douwes J, Beasley R. Is allergen exposure the major primary cause of asthma? Thorax 2000;55: 424431.
  • 35
    Kagan RS, Joseph L, Dufresne C, Gray-Donald K, Turnbull E, Pierre YS et al. Prevalence of peanut allergy in primary-school children in Montreal, Canada. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2003;112: 12231228.
  • 36
    Leung TF, Lam CW, Chan IH, Li AM, Tang NL. Sensitization to common food allergens is a risk factor for asthma in young Chinese children in Hong Kong. J Asthma 2002;39: 523529.