• 1
    Demoly P, Bousquet J. Drug allergy diagnosis work up. Allergy 2002;57: S37S40.
  • 2
    Laxemaire MC. Reducing the risk of anaphylaxis during anaesthesia. Abbreviated text. Rev Fr Allergol Immunol Clin 2002;42: 650665.
  • 3
    Vervloet D, Nizankowska E, Arnaud A, Senft M, Alazia M, Charpin J. Adverse reactions to suxamethonium and other muscle relaxants under general anesthesia. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1983;71: 552559.
  • 4
    Laxenaire MC, Moneret-Vautrin DA, Vervloet D, Alazia M, Francois G. Severe peranesthetic anaphylactic accidents. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim 1985;4: 3046.
  • 5
    Baldo BA, Fisher MM. Detection of serum IgE antibodies that react with alcuronium and tubocurarine after life-threatening reactions to muscle-relaxant drugs. Anaesth Intensive Care 1983;11: 194197.
  • 6
    Vervloet D, Arnaud A, Senft M, Didier A, Bongrand P, Charpin J. Anaphylactic reactions to suxamethonium prevention of mediator release by choline. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1985;76: 222225.
  • 7
    McKinnon RP, Wildsmith JA. Histaminoid reactions in anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth 1995;74: 217228.
  • 8
    Marone G, Stellato C, Mastronardi P, Mazzarella B. Mechanisms of activation of human mast cells and basophils by general anesthetic drugs. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim 1993;12: 116125.
  • 9
    Monneret G, Benoit Y, Gutowski MC, Bienvenu J. Detection of basophil activation by flow cytometry in patients with allergy to muscle-relaxant drugs. Anesthesiology 2000;92: 275277.
  • 10
    Gueant JL, Aimone-Gastin I, Namour F, Laroche D, Bellou A, Laxenaire MC. Diagnosis and pathogenesis of the anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions to anaesthetics. Clin Exp Allergy 1998;28: S65S70.
  • 11
    Demoly P, Lebel B, Messaad D, Sahla H, Rongier M, Daures JP et al. Predictive capacity of histamine release for the diagnosis of drug allergy. Allergy 1999;54: 500506.
  • 12
    Lebel B, Messaad D, Kvedariene V, Rongier M, Bousquet J, Demoly P. Cysteinylleukotriene release test (CAST) in the diagnosis of immediate drug reactions. Allergy 2001;56: 688692.
  • 13
    Kubota Y, Imayama S, Toshitani A, Miyahara H, Tanahashi T, Uemura Y et al. Sulfidoleukotriene release test (CAST) in hypersensitivity to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 1997;114: 361366.
  • 14
    Nyfeler B, Pichler WJ. The lymphocyte transformation test for the diagnosis of drug allergy: sensitivity and specificity. Clin Exp Allergy 1997;27: 175181.
  • 15
    Monneret G, Dumenil V, Benoit Y, Laffont A, Gutowski MC, Bernon H et al. Biological diagnosis of immediate drug allergy. Comparative study of histamine liberation tests and CD63 expression by flow cytometry (preliminary results). Allerg Immunol (Paris) 1999;31: 307310.
  • 16
    Abuaf N, Rajoely B, Ghazouani E, Levy DA, Pecquet C, Chabane H et al. Validation of a flow cytometric assay detecting in vitro basophil activation for the diagnosis of muscle relaxant allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999;104: 411418.
  • 17
    Monneret G, Benoit Y, Debard AL, Gutowski MC, Topenot I, Bienvenu J. Monitoring of basophil activation using CD63 and CCR3 in allergy to muscle relaxant drugs. Clin Immunol 2002;102: 192199.
  • 18
    Sanz ML, Gamboa PM, Antepara I, Uasuf C, Vila L, Garcia-Aviles C et al. Flow cytometric basophil activation test by detection of CD63 expression in patients with immediate-type reactions to betalactam antibiotics. Clin Exp Allergy 2002;32: 277286.
  • 19
    Blanca M, Torres MJ, Garcia JJ, Romano A, Mayorga C, de Ramon E et al. Natural evolution of skin test sensitivity in patients allergic to beta-lactam antibiotics. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999;103: 918924.
  • 20
    Knol EF, Koenderman L, Mul FP, Verhoeven AJ, Roos D. Differential activation of human basophils by anti-IgE and formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine. Indications for protein kinase C-dependent and -independent activation pathways. Eur J Immunol 1991;21: 881885.
  • 21
    Knol EF, Mul FP, Jansen H, Calafat J, Roos D. Monitoring human basophil activation via CD63 monoclonal antibody 435. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1991;88: 328338.
  • 22
    Paris-Kohler A, Demoly P, Persi L, Lebel B, Bousquet J, Arnoux B. In vitro diagnosis of cypress pollen allergy by using cytofluorimetric analysis of basophils (Basotest). J Allergy Clin Immunol 2000;105: 339345.
  • 23
    Saporta M, Kamei S, Persi L, Bousquet J, Arnoux B. Basophil activation during pollen season in patients monosensitized to grass pollens. Allergy 2001;56: 442445.
  • 24
    Galen RS, Gambino SR. Beyond normality: the predictive value and efficiency of medical diagnoses. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1975: 240.
  • 25
    Stellato C, de Paulis A, Cirillo R, Mastronardi P, Mazzarella B, Marone G. Heterogeneity of human mast cells and basophils in response to muscle relaxants. Anesthesiology 1991;74: 10781086.
  • 26
    Prys-Roberts C, Hug CC. Pharmacokinetics of anaesthesia. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1984.
  • 27
    Sudheer PS, Hall JE, Read GF, Rowbottom AW, Williams PE. Flow cytometric investigation of peri-anaesthetic anaphylaxis using CD63 and CD203c. Anaesthesia 2005;60: 251256.
  • 28
    Mertes PM, Laxenaire MC, Lienhart A, the working group for the SFAR, Aberer W, Ring J, Pichler JWJ, Demoly P, for ENDA, the EAACI interest group on drug hypersensitivity. Reducing the risk of anaphylaxis during anaesthesia: guidelines for clinical practice. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2005;15: 91101.