SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Ownby DR, Johnson CC, Peterson EL. Exposure to dogs and cats in the first year of life and risk of allergic sensitisation at 6 to 7 years of age. JAMA 2002;288: 963972.
  • 2
    Perzanowski MN, Ronmark E, Platts Mills TAE, Lundback B. Effect of cat and dog ownership on sensitisation and development of asthma among preteenage children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002;166: 696702.
  • 3
    Strachan DP. Hay fever, hygiene and household size. BMJ 1989;299: 12591260.
  • 4
    Cardoso MR, Cousens SN, de Goes Sinqueira LF, Alves FM, D'Angelo LA. Crowding: risk factor or protective factor for lower respiratory disease in young children? BMC Public Health 2004;4: 19.
  • 5
    Celedon JC, Wright RJ, Litonjua AA, Sredl D, Ryan L, Weiss ST et al. Day care attendance in early life, maternal history of asthma, and asthma at the age of 6 years. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2003;167: 12391243.
  • 6
    Braun-Fahrländer C, Gassner M, Grize L, Neu U, Sennhauser FH, Varonier HS et al. Prevalence of hay fever and allergic sensitisation in farmer's children and their peers living in the same rural community. Clin Exp Allergy 1999;29: 2834.
  • 7
    Illi S, von Mutius E, Lau S, Bergmann R, Niggemann B, Sommerfeld C. et al. Early childhood infectious diseases and the development of asthma up to school age: a birth cohort study. BMJ 2001;322: 390395.
  • 8
    Williams LK, Peterson EL, Ownby DR, Johnson CC. The relationship between early fever and allergic sensitisation at age 6–7 years. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2004;113: 291296.
  • 9
    Korppi M, Piippo-Savolainen E, Korhonen K, Remes S. Respiratory morbidity 20 years after RSV infection in infancy. Pediatr Pulmonol 2004;38: 155160.
  • 10
    Noble V, Murray M, Webb MS, Alexander J, Swarbrick AS, Milner AD. Respiratory status and allergy nine to 10 years after acute bronchiolitis. Arch Dis Child 1997;76: 315319.
  • 11
    Sigurs N, Gustafsson PM, Bjarnason R, Lundberg F, Schmidt S, Sigurbergsson F et al. Severe respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in infancy and asthma and allergy at age 13. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2005;171: 137141.
  • 12
    Johnston SL, Pattemore PK, Sanderson G, Smith S, Campbell MJ, Josephs LK et al. The relationship between upper respiratory infections and hospital admissions for asthma: a time-trend analysis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996;154: 654660.
  • 13
    Stein RT, Sherrill D, Morgan WJ, Holberg CJ, Halonen M, Taussig LM et al. Respiratory syncytial virus in early life and risk for wheeze and allergy by age 13 years. Lancet 1999;354: 541545.
  • 14
    Gern JE, Busse WW. The role of viral infections in the natural history of asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2000;106: 201212.
  • 15
    Matricardi PM, Rosmini F, Panetta V, Ferrigno L, Bonini S. Hay fever and asthma in relation to markers of infection in the United States. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2002;110: 381387.
  • 16
    Kalliomäki M, Isolauri E. Role of intestinal flora in the development of allergy. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2003;3: 1520.
  • 17
    Björksten B, Sepp E, Julge K, Voor T, Mikelsaar M. Allergy development and the intestinal microflora during the first year of life. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2001;108: 516520.
  • 18
    Kruisselbrink A, Heijne den Bak-Glashouwer M-J, Havenith CEG, Thole JEK, Janssen R. Recombinant Lactobacillus plantarum inhibits house dust mite-specific T-cell responses. Clin Exp Immunol 2001;126: 28.
  • 19
    Kalliomäki M, Salminen S, Poussa T, Arvilommi H, Isolauri E Probiotics and prevention of atopic disease: 4-year follow up of a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 2003;361: 18691871.
  • 20
    Kilpelainen M, Terho EO, Helenius H, Koskenvuo M. Farm environment in childhood prevents the development of allergies. Clin Exp Allergy 2000;30: 201208.
  • 21
    Remes ST, Koskela HO, Iivanainen K, Pekkanen J. Allergen-specific sensitisation in asthma and allergic diseases in children: the study on farmers’ and non-farmers’ children. Clin Exp Allergy 2005;35: 160166.
  • 22
    Riedler J, Braun-Fahrländer C, Eder W, Schreuer M, Waser M, Maisch S, Carr D et al. Exposure to farming in early life and the development of asthma and allergy: a cross-sectional survey. Lancet 2001;358: 11291133.
  • 23
    Remes ST, Iivanainen K, Koskela H, Pekkanen J. Which factors explain the lower prevalence of atopy amongst farmer's children? Clin Exp Allergy 2003;33: 427434.
  • 24
    von Mutius E. The environmental predictors of allergic disease. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2000;105: 919.
  • 25
    von Mutius E. Influences in allergy: epidemiology and the environment. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2004;113: 373379.
  • 26
    Eduard W, Omenaas E, Bakke PS, Douwes J, Heederik D. Atopic and non-atopic asthma in farming and a general population. Am J Ind Med 2004;46: 396399.
  • 27
    Braun-Fahrländer C, Riedler J, Herz U, Eder W, Waser M, Grize L et al. Environmental exposure to endotoxin and its relation to asthma in school-age children. N Engl J Med 2002;347: 869877.
  • 28
    van Strien RT, Engel R, Holst O, Bufe A, Eder W, Waser M et al. Microbial exposure of rural school children, as assessed by level of N-acetyl-muramic acid in mattress dust, and its association with respiratory health. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2004;113: 860867.
  • 29
    Gereda JE, Leung DYM, Thatayatikom A, Streib JE, Price MR, Klinnert MD et al. Relation between house-dust endotoxin exposure, type 1 T-cell development, and allergen sensitisation in infants at high risk of asthma. Lancet 2000;355: 16801683.
  • 30
    Phipatanakul W, Celedon JC, Raby BA, Litonjua AA, Milton DK, Sredl D et al. Endotoxin exposure and eczema in the first year of life. Pediatrics 2004;114: 1318.
  • 31
    Böttcher MF, Björkstein B, Gustafson S, Voor T, Jenmalra MC. Endotoxin levels in Estonian and Swedish house dust and atopy in infancy. Clin Exp Allergy 2003;33: 295300.
  • 32
    Gehring U, Bischof W, Fahlbusch B, Wichmann HE, Heinrich J. House dust endotoxin and allergic sensitisation in children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002;166: 939944.
  • 33
    Park JH, Gold DR, Spiegelman DL, Burge HA, Milton DK. House dust endotoxin and wheeze in the first year of life. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001;163: 322328.
  • 34
    Eduard W, Douwes J, Omenaas E, Heederik D. Do farming exposures cause or prevent asthma? Results from a study of adult Norwegian farmers. Thorax 2004;59: 381386.
  • 35
    Lauener RP, Birchler T, Adamski J, Braun-Fahrländer C, Bufe A, Herz U et al. Expression of CD-14 and toll-like receptor 2 in farmer's and non-farmer's children. Lancet 2002;360: 465466.
  • 36
    Eder W, Klimecki W, Yu L, von Mutius E, Riedler J, Braun-Fahrländer C et al. Toll-like receptor 2 as a major gene for asthma in children of European farmers. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2004;113: 482488.
  • 37
    Ferris BG. Recommended respiratory disease questionnaires for use with adults and children in epidemiological research. Am Rev Respir Dis 1978;188: 179.
  • 38
    Douwes J, van der Sluis B, Doekes G, van Leusden F, Wijnands L, van Strien R et al. Fungal extracellular polysaccharides in house dust as a marker for exposure to fungi: relations with culturable fungi, reported home dampness, and respiratory symptoms. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999;103: 494500.