SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Naclerio RM. Allergic rhinitis. N Engl J Med 1991;325:860869.
  • 2
    Spergel JM. Atopic march: link to upper airways. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2005;5:1721.
  • 3
    Mercer MJ, Van Der Linde GP, Joubert G. Rhinitis (allergic and nonallergic) in an atopic pediatric referral population in the grasslands of inland South Africa. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2002;89:503512.
  • 4
    Peroni DG, Piacentini GL, Alfonsi L, Zerman L, Di Blasi P, Visona’ G et al. Rhinitis in pre-school children: prevalence, association with allergic diseases and risk factors. Clin Exp Allergy 2003;33:13491354.
  • 5
    Smith L, McFadden ER Jr. Bronchial hyperreactivity revisited. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1995;74:454469.
  • 6
    Braman SS, Barrows AA, DeCotiis BA, Settipane GA, Corrao WM. Airway hyperresponsiveness in allergic rhinitis. A risk factor for asthma. Chest 1987;91:671674.
  • 7
    Koh YY, Lee MH, Kim CK, Min YG, Kim YK, Min KU et al. A familial predisposition in bronchial hyperresponsiveness among patients with allergic rhinitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1998;102:921926.
  • 8
    Cuttitta G, Cibella F, La Grutta S, Hopps MR, Bucchieri S, Passalacqua G et al. Non-specific bronchial hyper-responsiveness in children with allergic rhinitis: relationship with the atopic status. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2003;14:458463.
  • 9
    Mete N, Sin A, Gulbahar O, Erdinc M, Sebik F, Kokuludag A. The determinants of bronchial hyperresponsiveness in patients with allergic rhinitis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2004;93:193199.
  • 10
    Townley RG, Ryo UY, Kolotkin BM, Kang B. Bronchial sensitivity to methacholine in current and former asthmatic and allergic rhinitis patients and control subjects. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1975;56:429442.
  • 11
    Verdiani P, Di Carlo S, Baronti A. Different prevalence and degree of nonspecific bronchial hyperreactivity between seasonal and perennial rhinitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1990;86:576582.
  • 12
    Yong SC, Smith CM, Wach R, Kurian M, Primhak RA. Methacholine challenge in preschool children: methacholine-induced wheeze versus transcutaneous oximetry. Eur Respir J 1999;14:11751178.
  • 13
    Springer C, Godfrey S, Picard E, Uwyyed K, Rotschild M, Hananya S et al. Efficacy and safety of methacholine bronchial challenge performed by auscultation in young asthmatic children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000;162:857860.
  • 14
    Hall CB, Wakefield D, Rowe TM, Carlisle PS, Cloutier MM. Diagnosing pediatric asthma: validating the Easy Breathing Survey. J Pediatr 2001;139:267272.
  • 15
    Joseph-Bowen J, De Klerk N, Holt PG, Sly PD. Relationship of asthma, atopy, and bronchial responsiveness to serum eosinophil cationic proteins in early childhood. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2004;114:10401045.
  • 16
    Bousquet J, Van Cauwenberge P, Khaltaev N. ARIA Workshop Group. Allergic rhinitis and its impact on asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2001;108:S147334.
  • 17
    Corren J. The relationship between allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma. Curr Opin Pulm Med 1999;5:3537.
  • 18
    Wilson NM, Bridge P, Phagoo SB, Silverman M. The measurement of methacholine responsiveness in 5 year old children: three methods compared. Eur Respir J 1995;8:364370.
  • 19
    Sprikkelman AB, Grol MH, Lourens MS, Gerritsen J, Heymans HS, Van Aalderen WM. Use of tracheal auscultation for the assessment of bronchial responsiveness in asthmatic children. Thorax 1996;51:317319.
  • 20
    Crockcroft DW, Murdock KY, Berscheid BA. Relationship between atopy and bronchial responsiveness to histamine in a random population. Ann Allergy 1984;53:2629.
  • 21
    Malo JL, Pineau L, Cartier A, Martin RR. Reference values of the provocative concentrations of methacholine that cause 6% and 20% changes in forced expiratory volume in one second in a normal population. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983;128:811.
  • 22
    Nickel R, Lau S, Niggemann B, Sommerfeld C, Wahn U. German Multicenter Allergy Study Group. Comparison of bronchial responsiveness to histamine in asthma, allergic rhinitis and allergic sensitization at the age of 7 years. Clin Exp Allergy 2002;32:12741277.
  • 23
    Forastiere F, Corbo GM, Dell’Orco V, Pistelli R, Agabiti N, Kriebel D. A longitudinal evaluation of bronchial responsiveness to methacholine in children: role of baseline lung function, gender, and change in atopic status. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996;153:10981104.
  • 24
    Fowler SJ, Lipworth BJ. Relationship of skin-prick reactivity to aeroallergens and hyperresponsiveness to challenges with methacholine and adenosine monophosphate. Allergy 2003;58:4652.
  • 25
    Kono M, Mochizuki H, Arakawa H, Kato M, Tokuyama K, Morikawa A. Age-dependent relationship between bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine and total serum IgE level in asthmatic children. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2001;87:3338.
  • 26
    Chinn S, Burney P, Sunyer J, Jarvis D, Luczynska C. Sensitization to individual allergens and bronchial responsiveness in the ECRHS. European Community Respiratory Health Survey. Eur Respir J 1999;14:876884.
  • 27
    Beppu T, Ohta N, Gon S, Sakata K, Inamura K, Fukase S et al. Eosinophil and eosinophil cationic protein in allergic rhinitis. Acta Otolaryngol Suppl 1994;511:221223.
  • 28
    Sin A, Terzioglu E, Kokuludag A, Sebik F, Kabakci T. Serum eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) levels in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma. Allergy Asthma Proc 1998;19:6973.
  • 29
    Bauchau V, Durham SR. Epidemiological characterization of the intermittent and persistent types of allergic rhinitis. Allergy 2005;60:350353.
  • 30
    Longo G, Strinati R, Poli F, Fumi F. Genetic factors in nonspecific bronchial hyperreactivity. An epidemiologic study. Am J Dis Child 1987;141:331334.
  • 31
    Hopp RJ, Bewtra AK, Biven R, Nair NM, Townley RG. Bronchial reactivity pattern in nonasthmatic parents of asthmatics. Ann Allergy 1988;61:184186.