Acquired cold urticaria symptoms can be safely prevented by ebastine
Article first published online: 26 SEP 2007
Volume 62, Issue 12, pages 1465–1468, December 2007
How to Cite
Magerl, M., Schmolke, J., Siebenhaar, F., Zuberbier, T., Metz, M. and Maurer, M. (2007), Acquired cold urticaria symptoms can be safely prevented by ebastine. Allergy, 62: 1465–1468. doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2007.01500.x
- Issue published online: 30 OCT 2007
- Article first published online: 26 SEP 2007
- Accepted for publication 24 June 2007
- acquired cold urticaria;
- mast cells
Background: Acquired cold urticaria (ACU) is a skin condition, in which exposure to cold results in wheals and itching and sometimes general systemic complications. It has a profound impact on patient quality of life. Second-generation antihistamines are recommended as the first-line treatment, but to date only a few have been scientifically tested for this condition.
Aim: To assess the safety and efficacy of ebastine in preventing ACU symptoms.
Methods: Twenty-two adult ACU patients participated in a double-blind crossover trial of 20 mg ebastine. The safety of ebastine was sensitively assessed with a psychometric battery testing cognitive performance and mood. After cold challenge, wheal and erythema were assessed by the investigator and the intensities of pruritus and burning were rated by the subject.
Results: Ebastine had no negative impact on any of the parameters of cognitive performance or mood. It dramatically reduced the number of patients who experienced wheals, pruritus, and burning after challenge.
Conclusion: Ebastine is safe and effective in preventing the symptoms of ACU.