SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Steering Committee. Worldwide variation in prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and atopic eczema: ISAAC. Lancet 1998;351:12251232.
  • 2
    Seaton A, Godden DJ, Brown K. Increase in asthma: a more toxic environment or a more susceptible population? Thorax 1994;49:171174.
  • 3
    Forastiere F, Pistelli R, Sestini P, Fortes C, Renzoni E, Rusconi F et al. Consumption of fresh fruit rich in vitamin C and wheezing symptoms in children. SIDRIA Collaborative Group, Italy (Italian Studies on Respiratory Disorders in Children and the Environment). Thorax 2000;55:283288.
  • 4
    Garcia-Marcos L, Miner Canflanca I, Batlles Garrido J, Lopez-Silvarrey Varela A, Garcia Hernandez G, Guillen Grima F et al. The relationship of asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis with obesity, exercise and Mediterranean diet in Spanish schoolchildren 6–7 years old. Thorax 2007;62:503508.
  • 5
    Okoko BJ, Burney PG, Newson RB, Potts JF, Shaheen SO. Childhood asthma and fruit consumption. Eur Respir J 2007;29:11611168.
  • 6
    Hijazi N, Abalkhail B, Seaton A. Diet and childhood asthma in a society in transition: a study in urban and rural Saudi Arabia. Thorax 2000;55:775779.
  • 7
    Fogarty A, Lewis SA, Scrivener SL, Antoniak M, Pacey S, Pringle M et al. Oral magnesium and vitamin C supplements in asthma: a parallel group randomized placebo-controlled trial. Clin Exp Allergy 2003;33:13551359.
  • 8
    Romieu I, Meneses F, Ramirez M, Ruiz S, Perez Padilla R, Sienra JJ et al. Antioxidant supplementation and respiratory functions among workers exposed to high levels of ozone. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998;158:226232.
  • 9
    Romieu I, Sienra-Monge JJ, Ramirez-Aguilar M, Tellez-Rojo MM, Moreno-Macias H, Reyes-Ruiz NI et al. Antioxidant supplementation and lung functions among children with asthma exposed to high levels of air pollutants. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002;166:703709.
  • 10
    Pearson PJ, Lewis SA, Britton J, Fogarty A. Vitamin E supplements in asthma: a parallel group randomised placebo controlled trial. Thorax 2004;59:652656.
  • 11
    Northstone K, Emmett PM. Are dietary patterns stable throughout early and mid-childhood? A birth cohort study Br J Nutr 2008;100:10691076.
  • 12
    Stein AD, Shea S, Basch CE, Contento IR, Zybert P. Variability and tracking of nutrient intakes of preschool children based on multiple administrations of the 24-hour dietary recall. Am J Epidemiol 1991;134:14271437.
  • 13
    Singer MR, Moore LL, Garrahie EJ, Ellison RC. The tracking of nutrient intake in young children: the Framingham Children’s Study. Am J Public Health 1995;85:16731677.
  • 14
    Custovic A, Simpson BM, Murray CS, Lowe L, Woodcock A. The National Asthma Campaign Manchester Asthma and Allergy Study. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2002;13(Suppl. 15):3237.
  • 15
    Lowe L, Murray CS, Custovic A, Simpson BM, Kissen PM, Woodcock A. Specific airway resistance in 3-year-old children: a prospective cohort study. Lancet 2002;359:19041908.
  • 16
    Food Standards Agency. McCance and Widdowson’s composition of foods, 6th Summary edn. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2002.
  • 17
    Willett WC, Howe GR, Kushi LH. Adjustment for total energy intake in epidemiologic studies. Am J Clin Nutr 1997;65(4 Suppl.):1220S1228S; discussion 9S–31S.
  • 18
    Kompauer I, Heinrich J, Wolfram G, Linseisen J. Association of carotenoids, tocopherols and vitamin C in plasma with allergic rhinitis and allergic sensitisation in adults. Public Health Nutr 2006;9:472479.
  • 19
    McKeever TM, Lewis SA, Smit H, Burney P, Britton J, Cassano PA. Serum nutrient markers and skin prick testing using data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2004;114:13981402.
  • 20
    Bodner C, Godden D, Brown K, Little J, Ross S, Seaton A. Antioxidant intake and adult-onset wheeze: a case-control study. Aberdeen WHEASE Study Group. Eur Respir J 1999;13:2230.
  • 21
    Rubin RN, Navon L, Cassano PA. Relationship of serum antioxidants to asthma prevalence in youth. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2004;169:393398.
  • 22
    Sato Y, Akiyama H, Suganuma H, Watanabe T, Nagaoka MH, Inakuma T et al. The feeding of beta-carotene down-regulates serum IgE levels and inhibits the type I allergic response in mice. Biol Pharm Bull 2004;27:978984.
  • 23
    Halevy O, Sklan D. Inhibition of arachidonic acid oxidation by beta-carotene, retinol and alpha-tocopherol. Biochim Biophys Acta 1987;918:304307.
  • 24
    Hughes DA. Dietary carotenoids and human immune function. Nutrition 2001;17:823827.
  • 25
    Fogarty A, Lewis S, Weiss S, Britton J. Dietary vitamin E, IgE concentrations, and atopy. Lancet 2000;356:15731574.
  • 26
    Devereux G, Turner SW, Craig LC, McNeill G, Martindale S, Harbour PJ et al. Low maternal vitamin E intake during pregnancy is associated with asthma in 5-year-old children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2006;174:499507.
  • 27
    Fehily AM, Yarnell JW, Butland BK. Diet and ischaemic heart disease in the Caerphilly Study. Hum Nutr Appl Nutr 1987;41:319326.
  • 28
    Burr ML, Fehily AM, Rogers S, Welsby E, King S, Sandham S. Diet and reinfarction trial (DART): design, recruitment, and compliance. Eur Heart J 1989;10:558567.
  • 29
    Broadfield E, McKeever T, Fogarty A, Britton J. Measuring dietary fatty acid intake: validation of a food-frequency questionnaire against 7 d weighed records. Br J Nutr 2003;90:215220.
  • 30
    Bolton-Smith C, Casey CE, Gey KF, Smith WC, Tunstall-Pedoe H. Antioxidant vitamin intakes assessed using a food-frequency questionnaire: correlation with biochemical status in smokers and non-smokers. Br J Nutr 1991;65:337346.
  • 31
    Baranowski T, Sprague D, Baranowski JH, Harrison JA. Accuracy of maternal dietary recall for preschool children. J Am Diet Assoc 1991;91:669674.
  • 32
    Cook DG, Carey IM, Whincup PH, Papacosta O, Chirico S, Bruckdorfer KR et al. Effect of fresh fruit consumption on lung function and wheeze in children. Thorax 1997;52:628633.
  • 33
    Wahn U, Lau S, Bergmann R, Kulig M, Forster J, Bergmann K et al. Indoor allergen exposure is a risk factor for sensitization during the first three years of life. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1997;99(6 Pt 1):763769.
  • 34
    McKeever TM, Britton J. Diet and asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2004;170:725729.
  • 35
    Nja F, Nystad W, Lodrup Carlsen KC, Hetlevik O, Carlsen KH. Effects of early intake of fruit or vegetables in relation to later asthma and allergic sensitization in school-age children. Acta Paediatr 2005;94:147154.
  • 36
    Institute of Medicine. Panel on Dietary Antioxidants and Related C, Institute of Medicine. Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference I, Institute of Medicine. Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels of N, Institute of Medicine. Subcommittee on Use of Dietary Reference I. Dietary reference intakes for vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and carotenoids: a report of the Panel on Dietary Antioxidants and Related Compounds, Subcommittees on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients and of Interpretation and Use of Dietary Reference Intakes, and the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2000.