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Keywords:

  • allergic sensitisation;
  • asthma;
  • children;
  • immunoglobulin E;
  • phadiatop infant;
  • prediction

To cite this article: Lødrup Carlsen KC, Söderström L, Mowinckel P, Håland G, Pettersen M, Munthe Kaas MC, Devulapalli CS, Buchmann M, Ahlstedt S, Carlsen K-H. Asthma prediction in school children; the value of combined IgE-antibodies and obstructive airways disease severity score. Allergy 2010; 65: 1134–1140.

Abstract

Background:  Allergic sensitisation increases the risk for asthma development. In this prospective birth cohort (Environment and Childhood Asthma) study, we hypothesized that combining quantitative measures of IgE antibodies (Σ-IgE) and Severity score of obstructive airways disease (OAD) at 2 years of age (Severity score) is superior to predict current asthma (CA) at 10 years than either measure alone. Secondarily, we assessed if gender modified the prediction of CA.

Methods:  A follow-up study at 10 years of age was performed in 371 2-year-old children with recurrent (n = 219) or no (n = 152) bronchial obstruction with available serum analysed for Σ-IgE to common food and inhalant allergens through a panel test, Phadiatop Infant® (Phadia, Uppsala, Sweden). Clinical variables included allergic sensitisation and exercise testing to characterise children with CA vs not CA at 10 years and the Severity score (0–12, 0 indicating no OAD) was used to assess risk modification.

Results:  Severity score alone explained 24% (Nagelkerke R2 = 0.24) of the variation in CA, whereas Σ-IgE explained only 6% (R2 = 0.06). Combining the two increased the explanatory capacity to R2 = 0.30. Gender interacted significantly with Σ-IgE; whereas Severity score predicted CA in both genders, the predictive capacity of Σ-IgE for CA at 10 years was significant in boys only.

Conclusion:  Combining Σ-IgE to inhalant allergens and Severity score at 2 years was superior to predict asthma at 10 years than either alone. Severity score predicted CA in both genders, whereas Σ-IgE significantly predicted CA in boys only.