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Keywords:

  • airways;
  • oxidative stress;
  • polyps;
  • proteomics;
  • unfolded protein response.

Abstract

Background:

Nasal polyposis, a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the upper airways, is a valuable and accessible model to investigate the mechanisms underlying chronic inflammation. The main objective of this study was to investigate a potential involvement of the unfolded protein response (UPR) in the context of oxidative stress and inflammation in nasal epithelial cells from nasal polyps (NP).

Methods:

Epithelial cells from NP (n = 20) and normal mucosa (Controls, n = 15) in primary culture were analyzed by global proteomic approach and cell biology techniques for the glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), the spliced X-box-binding protein 1 (sXBP-1), the glucose-regulated protein 94 (GRP94), and the calreticulin (immunoblot, mass spectrometry, immunocytochemistry).

Results:

Proteomics analysis of human nasal epithelial cells in culture revealed the activation of the unfolded protein response in NP. Systematic cell biology and biochemical analysis of two markers (GRP78,sXBP-1) in the presence and absence of oxidative stress in NP showed a susceptibility of the unfolded protein response to oxidative stress compared to controls at least partially linked to an abnormal redox state of the protein disulfide-isomerase 4. This unfolded protein response was correlated with mitochondrial depolarization and secretion of interleukin 8 (IL-8) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and was prevented by mitochondrial antioxidant.

Conclusions:

We show the existence of UPR in nasal epithelial cells that is linked to oxidative stress leading to IL-8 and LTB4 secretions. These mechanisms may participate in chronic inflammation in nasal polyposis.