This study was supported, in part, by NIDR Grant #5 TOl DE 00193 and by a grant from the John A. Hartford Foundation, Inc.
Otodental dysplasia: a “new” ectodermal dysplasia
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Volume 8, Issue 2, pages 136–144, August 1975
How to Cite
Levin, L. S., Jorgenson, R. J. and Cook, R. A. (1975), Otodental dysplasia: a “new” ectodermal dysplasia. Clinical Genetics, 8: 136–144. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.1975.tb04401.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Received 28 January, Accepted for Publication 19 February 1975
Otodental dysplasia is an ectodermal dysplasia characterized by abnormal crown morphology of the teeth and sensorineural hearing loss. It was documented in six generations of a kindred of Italian extraction. Thirty-three of the 119 examined family members were affected. Twenty-six persons had characteristic dental anomalies combined with a hearing loss. Two had the dental anomalies alone, four had a hearing loss only and one of those with dental anomalies could not be tested for hearing.
The teeth of the 29 with dental anomalies had large, bulbous crowns. The normal relationship between cusps and grooves was obliterated. Molars, both deciduous and permanent, were involved. Deciduous canines were large and bulbous. Absence of pre-molars was documented in 14 of the 29 individuals with abnormal teeth. Those premolars which were present were frequently small. Radiographs of the teeth showed denticles and taurodontia.
Twenty-six of the 30 individuals with a hearing loss had concomitant dental anomalies. Of the four with isolated hearing loss, one was proven to have the syndrome. The remaining three were conjectured to he affected. The age of onset of the hearing deficit ranged from early childhood to middle age.
The results of a chi-square test supported autosomal dominant inheritance. The pleiotropy in this syndrome is postulated to be due to a genetic defect in the neuroectoderm.