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Keywords:

  • analphoid marker chromosome;
  • CGH;
  • high resolution;
  • neocentromere;
  • supernumerary marker chromosome;
  • tetrasomy 15q25[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]qter

Supernumerary marker chromosomes (SMCs) without detectable alphoid DNA are predicted to have a neocentromere and have been referred to as mitotically stable neocentromere marker chromosomes (NMCs). We report the molecular cytogenetic characterization of a new case with analphoid NMC derived from 15q25[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]qter using high-resolution comparative genomic hybridization (HR-CGH) and multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses with various α-satellite DNA probes, all-human-centromere probe (AHC), whole chromosome painting probes, and a subtelomere probe. The propositus is a dysmorphic infant who, at age 3 months, showed accelerated growth, partial deafness, and a phenotype similar to that of the eight previously reported cases of distal 15q tetrasomy. Chromosome studies showed that he had a de novo extra SMC in 80% of cells examined. HR-CGH revealed rev ish enh(15)(q25qter). Molecular cytogenetic analysis and molecular DNA polymorphism study demonstrated that this extra SMC is an NMC containing an inverted duplication of the distal long arm of chromosome 15 (tetrasomy 15q25[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]qter) which originated paternally, i.e. ish der(15)(qte[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]q25::q25[neocen][RIGHTWARDS ARROW]qter)(AHC–, CEP15–, WCP15+, PCP15q++). This case further elucidates the phenotype related to tetrasomy of this specific chromosome segment and represents a new report of a neocentromere on distal chromosome 15q suggesting that this region appears to be susceptible to the formation of neocentromeres.