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Mutations in FAM20C also identified in non-lethal osteosclerotic bone dysplasia

Authors


Dr Andrew H Crosby, Medical Genetics, Clinical Developmental Sciences, St George’s University of London Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK.
Tel.: 00442087250229;
fax: 00442087251039;
e-mail: acrosby@sgul.ac.uk

Abstract

Raine syndrome is an osteosclerotic bone dysplasia, which has proved to be lethal within the first few weeks of life in all the reported cases to date. We recently identified a chromosomal rearrangement and telomeric microdeletion in a patient with Raine syndrome and subsequently identified mutations in the FAM20C gene, located within the deleted region, in six additional Raine syndrome cases. The phenotype of Raine syndrome in the cases examined was remarkably consistent with generalized osteosclerosis of all bones, periosteal bone formation, characteristic facial phenotype and lethal within the first few weeks of life. In the current study, we have identified two unrelated individuals who presented at birth with a sclerosing bone dysplasia with features very similar to those in Raine syndrome but who survived infancy and are now aged 8 and 11 years, respectively. Mutations in FAM20C, consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance, were identified in both cases. In the first case, a homozygous non-synonymous mutation in exon 7 (1309G>A D437N) was identified, and in the second case, compound heterozygosity for non-synonymous mutations in exon 2 (731T>A I244N) and in exon 3 (796G>A G266R) was revealed. Raine syndrome has been previously considered to be a neonatal lethal condition. However, the identification of mutations in these two patients confirms a broader phenotypic spectrum and that mutation of FAM20C does not always lead to the infantile lethality previously seen as a prerequisite for Raine syndrome diagnosis.

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