The constitutional t(11;22): implications for a novel mechanism responsible for gross chromosomal rearrangements
Article first published online: 8 APR 2010
© 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Volume 78, Issue 4, pages 299–309, October 2010
How to Cite
Kurahashi, H., Inagaki, H., Ohye, T., Kogo, H., Tsutsumi, M., Kato, T., Tong, M. and Emanuel, B. (2010), The constitutional t(11;22): implications for a novel mechanism responsible for gross chromosomal rearrangements. Clinical Genetics, 78: 299–309. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.2010.01445.x
- Issue published online: 6 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 8 APR 2010
- Received 6 February 2010, revised and accepted for publication 29 March 2010
- gross chromosomal rearrangements;
- non-B DNA;
Kurahashi H, Inagaki H, Ohye T, Kogo H, Tsutsumi M, Kato T, Tong M, Emanuel BS. The constitutional t(11;22): implications for a novel mechanism responsible for gross chromosomal rearrangements.
The constitutional t(11;22)(q23;q11) is the most common recurrent non-Robertsonian translocation in humans. The breakpoint sequences of both chromosomes are characterized by several hundred base pairs of palindromic AT-rich repeats (PATRRs). Similar PATRRs have also been identified at the breakpoints of other nonrecurrent translocations, suggesting that PATRR-mediated chromosomal translocation represents one of the universal pathways for gross chromosomal rearrangement in the human genome. We propose that PATRRs have the potential to form cruciform structures through intrastrand-base pairing in single-stranded DNA, creating a source of genomic instability and leading to translocations. Indeed, de novo examples of the t(11;22) are detected at a high frequency in sperm from normal healthy males. This review synthesizes recent data illustrating a novel paradigm for an apparent spermatogenesis-specific translocation mechanism. This observation has important implications pertaining to the predominantly paternal origin of de novo gross chromosomal rearrangements in humans.