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Keywords:

  • array CGH;
  • epilepsy;
  • SCN1A;
  • SCN2A;
  • SCN3A;
  • sodium channels

Bartnik M, Chun-Hui Tsai A, Xia Z, Cheung SW, Stankiewicz P. Disruption of the SCN2A and SCN3A genes in a patient with mental retardation, neurobehavioral and psychiatric abnormalities, and a history of infantile seizures.

Mutations in genes encoding voltage-gated sodium channels are significant factors in the etiology of neurological diseases and psychiatric disorders, including various types of idiopathic epilepsy. Using a clinical exon-targeted oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH), we have identified a de novo∼110-kb deletion involving exons 1–2 of SCN2A and non-coding exon 1a of SCN3A in a 25-year-old female with mental retardation, neurobehavioral and psychiatric abnormalities, and a history of infantile seizures with abnormal EEG. We propose that haploinsufficiency of SCN2A may play an important role in the genetic basis of neurodevelopmental and neurobehavioral disorders and emphasize the efficacy of detecting exonic copy-number variation (CNV) by exon-targeted oligo aCGH.