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Keywords:

  • Cystinuria;
  • MLPA analysis;
  • silent mutation;
  • SLC3A1 gene;
  • SLC7A9 gene

Barbosa M, Lopes A, Mota C, Martins E, Oliveira J, Alves S, De Bonis P, do Céu Mota M, Dias C, Rodrigues-Santos P, Fortuna AM, Quelhas D, Lacerda L, Bisceglia L, Cardoso ML. Clinical, biochemical and molecular characterization of Cystinuria in a cohort of 12 patients.

Cystinuria is a rare autosomal inherited disorder characterized by impaired transport of cystine and dibasic aminoacids in the proximal renal tubule. Classically, Cystinuria is classified as type I (silent heterozygotes) and non-type I (heterozygotes with urinary hyperexcretion of cystine). Molecularly, Cystinuria is classified as type A (mutations on SLC3A1 gene) and type B (mutations on SLC7A9 gene). The goal of this study is to provide a comprehensive clinical, biochemical and molecular characterization of a cohort of 12 Portuguese patients affected with Cystinuria in order to provide insight into genotype–phenotype correlations. We describe seven type I and five non-type I patients. Regarding the molecular classification, seven patients were type A and five were type B. In SLC3A1 gene, two large genomic rearrangements and 13 sequence variants, including four new variants c.611-2A>C; c.1136+44G>A; c.1597T (p.Y533N); c.*70A>G, were found. One large genomic rearrangement was found in SLC7A9 gene as well as 24 sequence variants including 3 novel variants: c.216C>T (p.C72C), c.1119G>A (p.S373S) and c.*82C>T. In our cohort the most frequent pathogenic mutations were: large rearrangements (33.3% of mutant alleles) and a missense mutation c.1400T>C ( p.M467T) (11.1%). This report expands the spectrum of SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 mutations and provides guidance in the clinical implementation of molecular assays in routine genetic counseling of Portuguese patients affected with Cystinuria.