Wang X, Zhang W, Shi H, Qiu Z, Meng Y, Yao F, Wei M. Mucopolysaccharidosis I mutations in Chinese patients: identification of 27 novel mutations and 6 cases involving prenatal diagnosis.
Mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I) is a lysosomal storage disease that results from the deficiency of α-l-iduronidase and is transmitted in an autosomally recessive manner. This report describes the first systematic screening for mutations in Chinese MPS I patients from mainland China, wherein we have summarized the phenotype/genotype correlation of the individuals in Chinese MPS I patients. Mutational analyses were performed in 57 unrelated Chinese MPS I patients. Overall, 105 mutant alleles were identified from a set of 41 different mutations. Notably, of these 41 mutations, 27 were novel mutations that consisted of 8 splicing mutations (c.1-2C>G, c.296+4G>A, c.300-1G>C, c.792+1G>C, c.973-4G>A, c.1189+5G>T, c.1402+1G>T and c.1402+2T>G), 1 nonsense mutation (p.W41X), 1 insertion (c.668-670ins GCG), 5 duplications (c.531dupT, c.657dupG, c.883dupC, c.1147dupG and c.1225dupG), 3 deletions (c.349delT, c.1593delG and c.1244-1271del27),1 nucleotide substitution c.2T>C and 8 missense mutations (p.H33P,p.F52L, p.G168V,p.T179R,p. E182D, p.L237R, p.L238R and p.L421P). The missense mutations p.A79V and p.L346R, which accounted for 16.7% (19/114) and 12.3% (14/114) respectively, were the common mutations in Chinese patients but were rare in the mutational profiles reported for other populations. These results indicate that Chinese MPS I patients may have a different mutational spectrum compared to those of other populations. Moreover, for the first time in China, molecular genetic methods were used for prenatal diagnosis of six cases in five families.