Abstract: Background: With the aim to improve the inferior outcomes in elderly recipients of kidneys from elderly cadaver donors, we applied and investigated a therapeutic regimen consisting of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-free, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-based immunosuppressive (i.s.) induction/maintenance protocol. In this article, we report the long-term results of this clinical trial.
Methods: A total of 89 recipients (mean age: 63.8 yr) of kidneys from cadaver donors (mean age: 66.8 yr) were consecutively recruited for this 5-yr, prospective, open, single centre, pilot trial. Induction therapy consisted of MMF and steroids in conjunction with a short course (4–10 d) of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG). Maintenance treatment was performed with MMF/steroids or MMF alone under strict therapeutic drug monitoring by aiming target mycophenolic acid (MPA)-trough levels between 2 and 6 mg/mL.
Results: Cumulative 5-year patient and renal allograft survival was 87.69% and 69.81%, respectively. Acute rejection episodes occurred in 23.6% (21 patients). Long-term function of the old renal allografts proved to be satisfactory as reflected by serum creatinine-values of 1.53 mg/dL and urea-values of 57.9 mg/dL at 5 yr.
Conclusion: Application of a nephrotoxicity- and atherogenicity-free, MMF-based i.s. induction/maintenance protocol in elderly recipient of kidneys from elderly cadaver donors leads to improved long-term outcomes which are comparable with data from young recipients who have received allografts from young cadaver donors.