Re L, Curcio D, Rial M, Goldberg J, Casadei D. Results of a prospective allocation policy of expanded criteria donors kidneys based on clinical parameters. Clin Transplant 2009 DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-0012.2009.01053.x © 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Abstract: The ideal system to allocate expanded criteria donors (ECD) kidneys has not been fully elucidated. In a previous retrospective study, we reported that donor clinical characteristics were more predictive of transplant outcome than biopsy findings. Subsequently, we decided to use ECD kidneys solely based on a clinical scoring system. To elucidate the value of the pre-transplant biopsy, the patients were divided in two groups according to the suitability of the kidney they received for single or double transplantation as determined by a histological scoring system (HS). All kidneys were transplanted as a single (vs. dual) transplant. We studied whether a HS of the pre-transplant biopsy was predictive of outcome of single transplant ECD kidneys. Recipients (n = 48) were divided into two groups by whether the histologic system suggested single or double transplants be done. There were no differences between groups in two-yr outcomes. We conclude that a clinical scoring system can predict which ECD kidney donors can be safely used as single transplants in a cohort of low immunological risk de novo kidney transplant recipients. Use of the clinical scoring system maximizes organ use.