Abstract: Tapasin plays an important role in HLA class I assembly. The gene has been mapped on the human MHC region. We identified two alleles of TAPASIN in the Japanese population and analyzed the association of the alleles with HLA-DPB1, -DQB1 and -DRB1 alleles. The allele frequencies of TAPASIN*01 and *02 were estimated to be 0.37 and 0.63, respectively, in the Japanese population. TAPASIN showed strong linkage disequilibrium with the HLA-DPB1 locus. Several frequent four-locus haplotypes were identified, including DRB1*0901-DQB1*0303-DPB1*0501-TAPASIN*02, DRB1*0901-DQB1*0303-DPB1*0201-TAPASIN*02 and DRB1*1302-DQB1*0604-DPB1*0401-TAPASIN*02.