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Keywords:

  • [bis(2.2′-bipyridine)(4-methyl-2,2′-bipyridine-4-carboxylic acid)Ru(II)]2+ (PF6_)2;[Nx-Boc-N′-(bis(2,2′-bipyridine)(4′-methyl-2.2′-bipyndine-4-carbonyl)Ru(II))-L-lysine)2+ (PF6)2;
  • [NX-Boc-Nc-(3-(10H -phenothiazine-10)propanoyl)-l-lysine: electrochemistry;
  • 4′-methyl-2.2′-bipyridine-4-carboxylic acid;
  • redox amino acids and peptides

Boc-l-Lysine derivatives and lysine-containing peptides bearing the electron donor 10H-phenothiazine (PTZ) or the redox chromophore tris(2,2′-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) dication ([Rub3,]2H, where b is 2,2-bipyridine) have been synthesized and characterized. SeO2 oxidation (53% yield) of 4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine, Ag2:O oxidation (85% yield) of the monoaldehyde, complexation (96% yield) of 4′-methyl-2,2′-bipyridine-4-carboxylic acid (m-OH) with Rub2Cl2:. activation (81% yield) of the acid [Rub2m-OH]2+ (PF6)2, and condensation (83% yield) of the succinimido ester [Rub2m-OSu]2+ (PF6)2 with Boc-Lys furnished the protected redox-chromophore module [Boc-Lys(Rub2m)-OH]2+(PF6)2 in 29% overall yield over five steps. The first two steps constitute the first practical synthesis of the monocarboxylic acid m-OH (45% overall yield). Also prepared were m-OSu, Boc-Lys(m)-OH, Boc-Lys(m)-OCH3, and [Rub2m-NHCH3]2+ (PF6)2:. Activation (91% yield) of 3-(10H-phenothiazine-10)propanoic acid (PTZpn-OH) and condensation (92% yield) of the succinimido ester PTZpn-OSu with Boc-Lys furnished the protected electron-donor module Boc-Lys(PTZpn)-OH (84% overall yield). The latter was used in solid-phase syntheses of two redox tripeptides. CH3CO-Ala-Lys(PTZpn)-Ala-OH and [Rub2m-Ala-Lys(PTZpn)-Ala-OH]2 (PF6)2. The electrochemical properties of these redox amino acids and peptides were similar to those of PTZpn-OH, [Rub2 m-OH]2+(PF6)2. or [Rub2 m-NHCH3]2+ (PF6)2. Lys(PTZpn). [Lys(Rub2m)]2+ (PF6)2:. and other redox modules may be useful for engineering light-harvesting proteins, photovoltaic cells, and other molecular electronic devices.