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Keywords:

  • food-sensitized rat;
  • intestinal permeability;
  • macromolecule absorption

Rats were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) with a molecular weight of 45 kd, challenged with OVA orally, followed by orally administered pMac-toglobulin (BLG) as an intestinal permeability marker. BLG is a macro-molecular protein with a molecular weight of 18 kd. Blood BLG concentrations were measured (by ELISA) serially over 4 hours following BLG administration, which in turn was given 1 hour after OVA challenges. The maximum BLG concentration was at 2 hours. BLG was then administered orally 1, 3, 6,12 and 24 hours after oral OVA challenge, and the serum BLG concentration at 2 hours after BLG administration was compared among the five groups. BLG appeared in the circulation of the animals 1,6 and 24 hours after allergen challenge, but not after 3 and 12 hours. The serum BLG concentration was not significantly different at 1, 6 and 24 hours. Histopathological examinations of the intestines showed mast cell infiltration of the intestinal mucosa at 1 hour, remarkable edema of villi at 3 hours, eosinophil infiltration at 6 hours, an increase of goblet cells at 12 hours and villous atrophy and lymphocyte infiltration at 24 hours. The appearance in the serum of three BLG peaks of comparable heights suggested that the intestinal absorption of BLG may be related to a late and delayed phase as well as the immediate IgE-dependent phase response.