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Keywords:

  • allergen;
  • anaphylaxis;
  • food allergies;
  • food ingredient;
  • food labeling

Food allergies have increased in recent years in Japan. Details of causative foods, places where anaphylaxis developed, and other allergic factors remain unknown, and we investigated them. A‘questionnaire survey for the prevention of food allergies’ was conducted using a nationwide group of patients with food allergies. A total of 1383 patients from 878 families (including 319 patients who experienced anaphylaxis) provided valid answers to the questionnaire. The average age of the first anaphylactic attack was 3.20 ± 6.327 yr. The most common allergens causing anaphylaxis were in order milk, eggs, wheat, peanuts, and soybeans, followed by sesame and buckwheat. The most common place where anaphylaxis developed was the patient’s own home, followed by fast food restaurants, places visited, restaurants, and schools. In patients’ own homes, fast food restaurants (buffet), places visited and schools, the most common allergens were milk, eggs, and wheat. In restaurants and accommodation facilities, eggs were the most common allergen followed by milk. As possible food allergies can cause anaphylaxis, it is necessary to provide precise information for consumers regarding packaged and processed foods.