Compliance with topical nasal medication – An evaluation in children with rhinitis


Dr Bee W. Lee, Department of Paediatrics, National University of Singapore, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074
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Wong IYZ, Soh SE, Chng SY, Shek LP-C, Goh DYT, Van Bever HPS, Lee BW. Compliance with topical nasal medication – An evaluation in children with rhinitis.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2010: 21: 1146–1150.
© 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S

It is our impression that children with rhinitis often dislike or struggle with the administration of topical nasal sprays and drops. This study aims to investigate children’s acceptance of topical nasal sprays/drops, and to identify patient factors that may affect their acceptance. An interview (by WYZI) questionnaire survey was carried out on parents/guardians of children aged 1–15 with rhinitis, where information on the diagnosis and treatment, patients’ use and responses to these medications, and their preferred treatment routes were collected. Two hundred questionnaires were completed, of which 194 were valid for analysis. The mean age of patients was 7.54 yr; male to female ratio was 1:1.6, and Chinese made up the majority (62.4%). About one quarter (24.7%) of children disliked the use of topical nasal sprays/drops sufficiently to affect compliance with the medication. Furthermore, of those who could indicate their preferred route of drug administration (n = 75), 73% indicated a preference for oral medication, while only 11% preferred the nasal route. Topical nasal sprays/drops were more acceptable in older children (7–15 yr) compared to the younger ones (1–6 yr) (OR = 2.383, CI 1.223–4.644). The acceptance of nasal sprays/drops was not associated with gender, ethnic group, concurrent use by other family members, length and amount of usage, and the response to therapy. A substantial proportion of children prescribed topical nasal sprays/drops did not find it acceptable. Age played a significant factor to the acceptance of the use of topical nasal sprays/drops.