Pediatric allergy and immunology in Spain
Article first published online: 22 SEP 2011
© 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Volume 22, Issue 7, pages 742–750, November 2011
How to Cite
Nieto, A., Mazon, A., Martin-Mateos, M. A., Plaza, A.-M., Garde, J., Alonso, E., Martorell, A., Boquete, M., Lorente, F., Ibero, M., Bone, J., Pamies, R., Garcia, J. M., Echeverria, L., Nevot, S., Martinez-Cañavate, A., Fernandez-Benitez, M. and Garcia-Marcos, L. (2011), Pediatric allergy and immunology in Spain. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 22: 742–750. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2011.01211.x
- Issue published online: 22 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 22 SEP 2011
- Accepted for publication 22 August 2011
- food allergy;
- health care system;
To cite this article: Nieto A, Mazon A, Martin-Mateos MA, Plaza A-M, Garde J, Alonso E, Martorell A, Boquete M, Lorente F, Ibero M, Bone J, Pamies R, Garcia JM, Echeverria L, Nevot S, Martinez-Cañavate A, Fernandez-Benitez M, Garcia-Marcos L. Pediatric allergy and immunology in Spain. Pediatric Allergy Immunology 2011; 22: 742–750.
The data of the ISAAC project in Spain show a prevalence of childhood asthma ranging from 7.1% to 15.3%, with regional differences; a higher prevalence, 22.6% to 35.8%, is described for rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis is found in 4.1% to 7.6% of children. The prevalence of food allergy is 3%. All children in Spain have the right to be visited in the National Health System. The medical care at the primary level is provided by pediatricians, who have obtained their titles through a 4-yr medical residency training program. The education on pediatric allergy during that period is not compulsory and thus very variable. There are currently 112 certified European pediatric allergists in Spain, who have obtained the accreditation of the European Union of Medical Specialist for proven skills and experience in pediatric allergy. Future specialists in pediatric allergy should obtain their titles through a specific education program to be developed in one of the four accredited training units on pediatric allergy, after obtaining the title on pediatrics. The Spanish Society of Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology (SEICAP) gathers over 350 pediatric allergists and pediatricians working in this field. SEICAP has a growing activity including yearly congresses, continued education courses, elaboration of technical clinical documents and protocols, education of patients, and collaboration with other scientific societies and associations of patients. The official journal of SEICAP is Allergologia et Immunophatologia, published every 2 months since 1972. The web site of SEICAP, http://www.seicap.es, open since 2004, offers information for professionals and extensive information on pediatric allergic and immunologic disorders for the lay public; the web site is receiving 750 daily visits during 2011. The pediatric allergy units are very active in clinical work, procedures as immunotherapy or induction of oral tolerance in food allergy, contribution to scientific literature, and collaboration in international projects.