Kosola S, Lauronen J, Sairanen H, Heikinheimo M, Jalanko H, Pakarinen M. High survival rates after liver transplantation for hepatoblastoma and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Pediatr Transplantation 2010: 14:646–650. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Abstract: Unresectable malignant liver tumors may be treated by LTx. We evaluated the results of LTx for HB and HCC. All patients transplanted for HB or HCC between 1990 and 2007 were included. Effects of histologic tumor type, primary tumor resection, disease staging, and serum AFP levels at diagnosis and at transplantation on disease recurrence and survival were evaluated. Twelve patients with median age of five (range, 2–16) were transplanted and followed for a median of 11 (2–18) yr. Six patients had HB and six had HCC. At diagnosis, eight patients were staged as PRETEXT III and four patients as PRETEXT IV. Two patients had pulmonary metastases. All patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Median time from diagnosis to LTx was seven (2–133) months. At LTx, none of the patients had radiological evidence of extrahepatic disease, and the median AFP level was 85 (6–15 180) μg/L. No routine chemotherapy after LTx was used.The overall one-, five-, and 10-yr cumulative survival rates were 100%, 80%, and 67%, respectively. Survival was comparable between the two tumor types (4/6 for both). Two deaths occurred secondary to tumor recurrence, one of each tumor type. Both of these patients had an AFP response of <99%. Six of eight patients with primary LTx survived, when compared to two of four transplanted after primary resection. PRETEXT tumor staging had no effect on survival. LTx even without post-transplantation chemotherapy is an effective treatment option for unresectable HB and HCC with comparable survival. Incomplete AFP response to chemotherapy and primary tumor resection were associated with decreased survival.