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Keywords:

  • liver transplant;
  • bone marrow transplant;
  • immunosuppression;
  • tolerance

Granot E, Loewenthal R, Jakobovich E, Gazit E, Sokal E, Reding R. Living related liver transplant following bone marrow transplantation from same donor: Long-term survival without immunosuppression. Pediatr Transplantation 2012: 16: E1–E4. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Abstract:  We report long-term (seven yr) immunological tolerance in a 16-yr-old boy, to a liver allograft donated by his father following a bone marrow transplant at age 2.5 yr from the same donor. The bone marrow transplant was complicated by severe GVHD leading to liver failure and the ensuing need for a liver transplant, performed under planned avoidance of immunosuppression. At one wk post-transplant, although a liver biopsy was histologically compatible with acute rejection, favorable clinical and biochemical evolution precluded initiating immunosuppressive therapy, thus highlighting the need for caution when interpreting early histological changes so that administration of unnecessary immunosuppression can be avoided. Induction of tolerance in transplant recipients remains an elusive goal. In those patients who had received conventional bone marrow transplants and had endured the consequences of GVHD, development of macrochimerism may allow immunosuppression-free solid organ transplantation from the same donor.