Sinha A, Hari P, Guleria S, Gulati A, Dinda AK, Mehra NK, Srivastava RN, Bagga A. Outcome of pediatric renal transplantation in north India.
Pediatr Transplantation 2010: 14:836–843. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Abstract: We report our experience and long-term outcome of pediatric renal transplantation at a referral center in New Delhi. During 1995–2008, 45 transplants were performed in 43 patients at a mean age of 13.3 ± 4.0 (range 3.8–18) yr. The chief causes for ESRD were reflux nephropathy, obstructive uropathy, vasculitis, renal dysplasia, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Most (91.1%) donors were living related. Post-transplant immunosuppression comprised prednisolone, a calcineurin inhibitor and azathioprine or MMF. AR and CR were seen in 14 (31.1%) and 12 (26.7%) allografts, respectively. Predictors of CR were unsatisfactory compliance and multiple episodes of AR (p = 0.002 each). Urinary infections (n = 13), septicemia (4), tuberculosis (4), CMV disease (7), viral hepatitis (7), and pneumonia (3) were important causes of morbidity. Two patients each had lymphoproliferative disease and new-onset diabetes. There were eight (17.8%) graft losses and six (14%) deaths. The one-, five- and 10-yr graft survivals were 91.1%, 80.4% and 75.1%, respectively; the mean graft survival was 119.4 ± 8.38 months. The respective patient survivals were 95.3%, 87.9%, and 76.9% at one-, five- and 10 yr. Our results affirm that despite scarcity of resources and frequent infections, long-term outcomes of pediatric renal transplantation are highly satisfactory.