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Health-related quality of life in pediatric liver transplant recipients compared with other chronic disease groups

Authors


Estella M. Alonso, MD, Children’s Memorial Hospital, 2300 Children’s Plaza, Box 65, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
Tel.: 773 975 8837
Fax: 773 975 8671
E-mail: e-alonso@northwestern.edu

Abstract

Limbers CA, Neighbors K, Martz K, Bucuvalas JC, Webb T, Varni JW, Alonso EM, on behalf of the Studies of Pediatric Liver Transplantation (SPLIT) Functional Outcomes Group (FOG). Health-related quality of life in pediatric liver transplant recipients compared with other chronic disease groups.
Pediatr Transplantation 2011: 15: 245–253. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Abstract:  This cross-sectional, multicenter cohort study compares the level of HRQOL of pediatric LT recipients to children with other chronic health conditions. LT sample included 873 children who survived at least 12 months following LT. Six chronic disease samples were compiled from numerous studies, including over 800 patients with JRA, type 1 diabetes, cancer in remission, cardiac disease, end-stage renal disease, and inflammatory bowel disease. Generic HRQOL was measured from both the parental and patient perspective using the PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales. Pediatric LT patients reported better physical health than children with JRA. According to parents, pediatric LT recipients had better HRQOL than children on renal dialysis on all domains except school functioning. Across all domains but emotional functioning, pediatric LT recipients reported significantly lower HRQOL than children with type 1 diabetes. Overall, pediatric LT patients reported HRQOL comparable to that of children who had undergone renal transplantation and patients with cancer in remission. Pediatric LT patients manifested impaired HRQOL similar to that of children with chronic diseases and these data suggest that they face ongoing challenges that warrant monitoring and indicate a need for interventions to improve their HRQOL.

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