Psychosocial Assessment Tool 2.0_General: Validity of a psychosocial risk screener in a pediatric kidney transplant sample

Authors

  • Ahna L. H. Pai,

    1. Center for the Promotion of Treatment Adherence and Self-Management, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center
    2. Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati School of Medicine
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  • Alayna Tackett,

    1. Center for the Promotion of Treatment Adherence and Self-Management, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center
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  • Richard F. Ittenbach,

    1. Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center
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  • Jens Goebel

    1. Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati School of Medicine
    2. Division of Nephrology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
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Ahna L. H. Pai, Center for the Promotion of Treatment Adherence and Self-Management, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
Tel.: 513 803 0239
Fax: 513 803 0415
E-mail: ahna.pai@cchmc.org

Abstract

Pai ALH, Tackett A, Ittenbach RF, Goebel J. Psychosocial Assessment Tool 2.0_General: Validity of a psychosocial risk screener in a pediatric kidney transplant sample.
Pediatr Transplantation 2012: 16: 92–98. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Abstract:  To present the preliminary psychometric properties of the PAT2.0_GEN, a brief, caregiver completed screener of psychosocial for children who were recipients of kidney transplants. Caregivers of 45 children and adolescents with kidney transplants completed the PAT2.0_GEN and the PedsQL. Internal consistency and predictive validity of the PAT2.0 were examined. Internal consistency for the PAT2.0_GEN Total score was strong. Internal consistency for the PAT2.0_GEN subscales ranged from 0.31 to 0.82. Evidence supporting convergent validity was observed; higher PAT2.0_GEN scores were significantly associated with lower caregiver- and self-rated patient quality of life and poorer family communication. PAT2.0_GEN scores were also associated with an increased likelihood that a patient received or had been independently referred for psychological services within two yr of completing the PAT2.0_GEN. The PAT2.0_GEN Total score is a promising screening tool for psychosocial risk in the pediatric kidney transplant population.

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