Nutrient reserves of Salicornia europaea seeds



Seeds of Salicornia europaea L. were analyzed for their nutrient reserves. The content of potassium and sodium was 216 and 39 mmol (kg dry seeds)-1, respectively. Calcium and magnesium accounted for 30 and 138 mmol (kg dry seeds)-1, respectively. Whereas most of the alkali metals were water soluble, the alkaline earth metals were mostly acid soluble. The acid-soluble calcium plus magnesium corresponded well with the acid-soluble phosphate. Chloride was accumulated to a level equivalent to that of sodium. Carbonate was present at a concentration of 9 mmol (kg dry seeds)-1. Carbohydrates accounted for 93 g (kg dry seeds)-1, nearly half of which was derived from sucrose. Fructose and glucose were present only in traces. Total nitrogen was determined to be 55 g (kg dry seeds)-1, 16% of which was diethylether soluble. The remaining nitrogen was separated into 39 g (kg dry seeds)-1 ethanol-insoluble and 8 g (kg dry seeds)-1 ethanol-soluble nitrogen. About 10% of the ethanol-soluble nitrogen were derived from amino acids. Total lipid content was about 280 g (kg dry seeds)-1. The alcoholic component of the storage lipids was glycerol and the glycerides were calculated from gas chromatography to be 66% of the total lipids. About 90% of the fatty acids consisted of unsaturated acids, linoleic and oleic acid, the majority (77%) of which was linoleic acid.