Changes in parameters of the plasmalemma ATPase during cold acclimation of apple (Mains domestica) tree bark tissues

Authors

  • J. P. Mattheis,

    Corresponding author
    1. Kctchie, Tree Fruit Research Center. Washington State Univ‥ 1100 N. Western Ave., Wenalchee, WA 9S801 USA
      J. P. Mattheis (corresponding author)
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  • D. O. Kctchie

    1. Kctchie, Tree Fruit Research Center. Washington State Univ‥ 1100 N. Western Ave., Wenalchee, WA 9S801 USA
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J. P. Mattheis (corresponding author)

Abstract

A plasmalemma fraction was isolated from homogenized apple tree (Mains domestica Borkh ‘Golden Delicious’) hark tissues using aqueous phase partitioning and ultra-centrifugation. Results of marker enzyme assays indicated that a membrane preparation highly enriched in plasma membranes was obtained. ATPase activity in this preparation possessed a high specificity for ATP as substrate, was inhibited by vanadate, diethylstilbcsterol and dicyclohexylcarbocHimide, and was insensitive to inhibitors of mitochondria! and tonoplasl ATPases. Specific activity of the plasma-lemma ATPase increased during cold acclimation prior to the attainment of vegetative maturity. Kinetic parameters (Km, Vln) determined from assays performed at different temperatures (10, 30°C) indicated a differential effect of cold acclimation on enzyme activity. Vm increased during cold acclimation, whereas Km increased when determined at 30°C but declined at 10°C. Acclimation treatments during April and May resulted in alteration of ATPase kinetics in the absence of any increase in bark frost hardiness. Changes in ATPase kinetics may be related more to enhanced low temperature metabolism than to frost hardiness per se.

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