Modifications of cytoplasmic pH has biological significance in animal and plant cell development. Many observations suggest an important function of cytopiasmic pH in mitotic signalling in animal ceils. In Bidens pilosa cultivated under white light, acidification of cytoplasm, observed after mechanical trauma, is associated with an inhibition of DNA synthesis and a decrease in mitotic frequency. In contrast, in Bidens pilosa cultivated under blue light, mechanical stimulation induces an increase of cytoplasmic pH and stimulation of DNA duplication and mitotic activity. A correlation has been established between transient variations of cytoplasmic pH and rapid modification in cell development. The critical role of cytoplasmic pH in the regulation of the cell cycle in plants is discussed.