Sucrose accumulated during dehydration is a major potential energy source for metabolic activity during rehydration. The objective of the present study was to investigate aspects of leaf sucrose metabolism during the rehydration of desiccation-tolerant Sporobolus stapfianus Gandoger (Poaceae) over a 10-day period. Comparison was then made to sucrose metabolism during the rehydration of both desiccation-tolerant excised leaf material (dehydrated attached to the parent plant) and desiccation-sensitive leaf material (dehydrated detached from the parent plant to prevent the induction of tolerance) over a 48-h period. The pattern of sugar mobilization and glycolytic enzyme activity during the rehydration of the desiccation-tolerant excised leaves was similar to that in leaves attached to the parent plants. Significant breakdown of sucrose was not apparent in the initial phase of rehydration, suggesting the utilization of alternate substrates for respiratory activity. The desiccation-tolerant excised tissues provided a suitable control to compare the metabolism of rehydrating desiccation-sensitive material. In contrast to the tolerant tissues, sucrose breakdown in the sensitive leaves commenced immediately after watering and the accumulation in hexose sugars was inversely proportionate to the decrease in sucrose content. Hexokinase (EC, PFK (ATP phosphofructokinase, EC, aldolase (EC, enolase (EC, and PK (pyruvate kinase, EC activity levels were significantly lower in the desiccation-sensitive material during rehydration.