SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ames BN, Gold LS, Willett WC (1995) The cause and prevention of cancer. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 92: 52585265
  • Azevedo CHde, Rodriguez-Amaya DB (2005) Carotenoid composition of kale as influenced by maturity, season and minimal processing. J Sci Food Agric 85: 591597
  • Behera RK, Choudhury NK (2003) High irradiance-induced changes in carotenoid composition and increase in non-photochemical quenching Chl a fluorescence in primary wheat leaves. J Plant Physiol 160: 11411146
  • Demmig-Adams B, Gilmore AM, Adams WW III (1996) In vivo functions of carotenoids in higher plants. FASEB J 10: 403412
  • Ezell BD, Wilcox MS (1959) Loss of vitamin C in fresh vegetables as related to wilting and temperature. Agric Food Chem 7: 507509
  • Frank HA, Cogdell RJ (1996) Carotenoids in Photosynthesis. Photochem Photobiol 63: 257264
  • Gil MI, Ferreres F, Tomás-Barberán FA (1999) Effect of postharvest storage and processing o the antioxidant constituents (flavonoids and vitamin C) of fresh-cut spinach. J Agric Food Chem 47: 22132217
  • Havaux M, Tardy F, Lemoine Y (1998) Photosynthetic light-harvesting function of carotenoids in higher-plant leaves exposed to high light irradiances. Planta 205: 242250
  • Hoagland DR, Arnon DI (1950) The water-culture method for growing plants without soil. Calif Agr Exp Stat Circ 347: 139
  • Holden JM, Eldridge AL, Beecher GR, Buzzard IM, Bhagwat S, Davis CS, Douglass LW, Gebhardt S, Haytowitz D, Schakel S (1999) Carotenoid content of U.S. foods: an update of the database. J Food Comp Anal 12: 169196
  • Khachik F, Beecher GR, Whittaker NF (1986) Separation, identification, and quantification of the major carotenoid and chlorophyll constituents in extract of several green vegetables by liquid chromatography. J Agric Food Chem 34: 603616
  • Kopsell DA, Kopsell DE, Lefsrud MG, Curran-Celentano J, Dukach LE (2004) Variation in lutein, beta-carotene, and chlorophyll concentrations among Brassica oleracea cultigens and seasons. Hortscience 39: 361364
  • Landrum JT, Bone RA (2001) Lutein, zeaxanthin, and the macular pigment. Arch Biochem Biophys 385: 2840
  • Le Marchand L, Hankin JH, Kolonel LN, Beecher GR, Wilkens LR, Zhao LP (1993) Intake of specific carotenoids and lung cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2: 183187
  • Lefsrud MG, Kopsell DA, Kopsell DE, Curran-Celentano J (2005) Air temperature affects biomass and carotenoid pigment accumulation in kale and spinach grown in a controlled environment. Hortscience 40: 20262030
  • Lucier G, Plummer C (2003) Vegetables and melon outlook. Economic Research Service, USDA VGS-297, June 20, 2003
  • Miki W (1991) Biological functions and activities of animal carotenoids. Pure Appl Chem 63: 141146
  • Mills HA, Jones JB Jr (1996) Plant Analysis Handbook II: A Practical Sampling, Preparation, Analysis, and Interpretation Guide. MicroMacro Publishing, Athens, GA
  • Semba RD, Dagnelie G (2003) Are lutein and zeaxanthin conditionally essential nutrients for eye health? Med Hypotheses 61: 465472
  • Taiz L, Zeiger E (1998) Plant Physiology, 2nd edn. Sinauer Associates, Inc. Sunderland, MA
  • Tracewell CA, Vrettos JS, Bautista JA, Frank HA, Brudvig GW (2001) Carotenoid photooxidation in photosystem II. Arch Biochem Biophys 385: 6169
  • U.S. Dept. Agr. (USDA) (2002) National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 15. NDB No: 11457. US Dept Agr, Washington, DC
  • Weng JH (1992) CO2 exchange characteristics of C3 and C4 vegetable crops – response to light and nitrogen. J Agric Assoc China 157: 2133
  • Zhang D, Hendricks DG, Mahoney AW (1989) Bioavailability of total iron from meat, spinach (Spinacea oleracea L.) and meat-spinach mixtures by anaemic and non-anaemic rats. Br J Nutr 61: 331343