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Keywords:

  • kidney transplantation;
  • Candida albicans;
  • fungal infection;
  • fungus balls;
  • preservation fluid contamination

Abstract: Reported rates of positive preservation fluid cultures range from 5% to 23%, with fungi accounting for 2–10% of all positive cultures. We report the case of a kidney transplant recipient who received a graft with preservation fluid contaminated by Candida albicans, who developed acute renal failure due to ureteral obstruction by fungus balls. The patient was treated with voriconazole with complete restoration of graft function. This rare clinical entity demonstrates the usefulness of pre-transplant cultures of preservation fluid, in order to identify a group of patients who could benefit from antifungal prophylaxis therapy and thereby prevent the need for graft nephrectomy.