• West Nile virus;
  • encephalitis;
  • transplant;
  • intravenous immunoglobulin

C. Rhee, E.F. Eaton, W. Concepcion, B.G. Blackburn. West Nile virus encephalitis acquired via liver transplantation and clinical response to intravenous immunoglobulin: case report and review of the literature. Transpl Infect Dis 2011: 13: 312–317. All rights reserved

Abstract: A patient developed West Nile virus (WNV) encephalitis 2 weeks after receiving a liver transplant and recovered fully, following treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). Laboratory testing documented transmission from the organ donor. Clinicians should be suspicious for organ-transmitted WNV in any post-transplant patient who develops fever and neurological symptoms. We review previous cases of organ-transmitted WNV, the use of IVIg for WNV encephalitis, and the issue of organ donor screening.