Pantoea agglomerans pneumonia in a heart–lung transplant recipient: case report and a review of an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised hosts

Authors



Peter V. Chin-Hong, MD, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California at San Francisco, S-380, 513 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143-0654, USA
Tel: +1 415 502 9585
Fax: +1 415 476 9364
E-mail: phong@php.ucsf.edu

Abstract

A. Shubov, P. Jagannathan, P. V. Chin-Hong. Pantoea agglomerans pneumonia in a heart–lung transplant recipient: case report and a review of an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised hosts. Transpl Infect Dis 2011. All rights reserved

Abstract: Pantoea agglomerans is a gram-negative rod that is frequently found on the exterior of many plants, fruits, vegetables, and in soil, and it is used as a biopesticide in the agriculture industry. Recent reports have implicated P. agglomerans in systemic infections of immunocompromised hosts and neonates, as well as more localized infections in healthy hosts. P. agglomerans as a cause of hospital-acquired pneumonia has not been well characterized. We report a case of P. agglomerans pneumonia in a heart–lung transplant recipient following transplantation. The organism was susceptible to multiple antimicrobial agents and treated successfully with ertapenem. We review the patient's course and the relevant literature, and discuss implications for the future.

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