Diabetic ketoacidosis in children and adolescents with diabetes


  • Conflicts of interest: WL has received speaker's fees and has served on the Advisory Boards of Novo Nordisk, Eli Lilly, Sanofi-Aventis and MSD. The remaining authors have declared no potential conflicts.

  • Editors of the ISPAD Clinical Practice Consensus Guidelines 2009 Compendium; Ragnar Hanas, Kim Donaghue, Georgeanna Klingensmith, Peter Swift.

  • This article is a chapter in the ISPAD Clinical Practice Consensus Guidelines 2009 Compendium. The complete set of guidelines can be found at www.ispad.org. The evidence grading system used in the ISPAD Guidelines is the same as that used by the American Diabetes Association. See page 2 (the Introduction in Pediatric Diabetes 2009; 10 (Suppl. 12): 1–2).

Joseph Wolfsdorf, MD Department of Endocrinology Children's Hospital Boston Longwood Avenue 300 Boston, MA 02115 USA.
Tel: 001 617 355 2420;
fax: 001 617 730 0194;
e-mail: joseph.wolfsdorf@childrens.harvard.edu