Life-Chart Methodology: a long past and a short history


  • The authors of this paper do not have any commercial associations that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with this manuscript.

Lorenzo Livianos-Aldana, C/Ciscar, 55-6a, E-46005 Valencia, Spain. Fax: +34 961973254; e-mail:


Objectives:  Nowadays, the use of the Life-Chart Methodology is common in bipolar disorder clinics. Our aim was to present a chart from the Archives of the University Heidelberg (Germany).

Methods:  The clinical case records dating from Emil Kraepelin's direction of the Psychiatric Clinic at Heidelberg were systematically screened.

Results:  Among the clinical records of patients suffering from manic depressive illness we located one record with a detailed charting of the clinical course.

Conclusions:  The chart reviewed shows that the Life-Chart Method was used more than a hundred years ago and for the same purpose, as an aid to clinicians.