• 1
    Stewart C, El-Mallakh RS. Is bipolar disorder overdiagnosed among patients with substance abuse? Bipolar Disord 2007; 9: 646648.
  • 2
    Goodwin FK, Jamison KR. Manic-Depressive Illness Bipolar Disorders and Recurrent Depression, 2nd edn. USA: Manic Depression Oxford University Press, 2007: 112.
  • 3
    Pallanti S, Quercioli L, Pazzagli A et al. Awareness of illness and subjective experience of cognitive complaints in patients with bipolar I and bipolar II disorder. Am J Psychiatry 1999; 156: 10941096.
  • 4
    Goldberg JF, Garno JL, Leon AC, Kocsis JH, Portera L. A history of substance abuse complicates remission from acute mania in bipolar disorder. J Clin Psychiatry 1999; 60: 733740.
  • 5
    Benazzi F, Akiskal HS. Refining the evaluation of bipolar II: beyond the strict SCID-CV guidelines for hypomania. J Affect Disord 2003; 73: 1.
  • 6
    Rice JP, McDonald-Scott P, Endicott J et al. The stability of diagnosis with an application to bipolar II disorder. Psychiatry Res 1986; 19: 285296.
  • 7
    Dunner DL. Bipolar depression with hypomania (bipolar II). In: WidigerTA, FrancesAJ, PincusHA, RossR, FirstMB, DavisWW eds. DSM-IV Sourcebook, Vol. 2. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1996: 5363.
  • 8
    Coryell W. Bipolar II disorder: the importance of hypomania. In: GoldbergJF, HarrowM eds. Bipolar Disorders: Course and Outcome. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1999: 219236.
  • 9
    Wicki W, Angst J. The Zurich Study: X. Hypomania in a 28- to 30-year-old cohort. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 1991; 240: 339348.
  • 10
    American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edn, Text Revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 2000 page XVII.